The water is the symbol of life. That is why tired of dusty cities, tourists are drawn and attracted by water: rivers and oceans. It is for those who do not really respect the beach tourism in the hot sand of the sea under the blazing sun and prefer a more temperate climate and less heat. The most preferred are the river cruises. I present to fans of cruisers one of the best rivers in the world and, namely, the Ob river. Along, around and among the first places in the ranking of the best rivers in the world proudly flows the Russian Ob river . It is one of the largest rivers in Europe. If you like nature and dream to see wonderful landscapes then , the Obi river is the perfect option for you.
About the Ob river
The Ob is a river in western Siberia, the longest river in Russia and the second largest in Asia. The river is formed by the confluence of the Altai Biya and Katun, the length from the confluence of the Ob is of 3650 km (from the source of the Irtysh 5410 km). In the north, the river flows into the Kara Sea, forming a bay (about 800 km long), which is called the Ob Bay.
By the nature of the river network, the conditions of supply and the formation of the water regime, the Ob is divided into 3 sections: the top (to the mouth of Tom), the medium (up to the mouth of the Irtysh River) and the low (to the Gulf of Ob). The upper part of the basin is located in the mountains, where the sources originate. The tributaries of the river are: Sandy, Anouilh, Charysh, Aley , Chumysh, Yin, Biya and Katun. In the upper reaches, the Ob has a well-developed valley of developed floodplain terraces. Below the mouth of Tom and especially the Chulym tributary is large and full-flowing river to the confluence with the Irtysh which flows within the taiga zone. The valley has a width up to 30-50 km or more, an extensive floodplain (20-30 km) covered by a dense network of channels. The depth (at low water) is ranging from 4 to 8 pm. Before flowing into the Ob Bay the river forms a delta area of more than 4 km. During the spring and the summer periods the river floods carry the bulk of annual runoff. The level begins to rise at freeze-up, at the opening of the river as a result of congestion a short-term intensive level rise. The water temperature in July is 28 ° C in Barnaul - Belogorie and up to 23 ° C in the lower reaches. The water salinity is less than 200 mg / l and only the section between the Novosibirsk and the mouth of Tom are more than 200 mg / liter.
The Ob’s basin
The Ob’s basin is centered on diverse natural resources. According to the forecast reserves of oil, gas and coal, the Western Siberia occupies a prominent place in Russia and half-Union peat reserves are concentrated here. The water is rich in many types of resources. There are about 50 species and subspecies of fish, half of them commercial in the waters of the Ob river. The most valuable species are: the sturgeon, the salmon, the whitefish, the broad whitefish and the peled. The target species are : the pike, the ide, the burbot, the dace, the roach, the crucian carp, the perch. The Ob river is the main traffic artery of Western Siberia. The river is navigable all the way from source to mouth. The navigation period from 190 days in the upper reaches to 150 days in the lower reaches. The transport role and Obi inflows are increased from the early 60's in connection with the development of the gas fields and oil. The main ports of the dock basin are: Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Surgut, Labytnangi, Pavlodar, Omsk, Tobolsk and Tyumen.
In fact, the Ob is a continuation of the Katun River, but it is only the Ob after the merger with Katun Biey, that is, after the city of Biisk. At the beginning of the Ob noticeably due to the winds make its course varry periodically in different directions , either to the north or to the west. It occurs in the Altai region in Barnaul, then a time shares the Altai and the Novosibirsk region. It flows through the Novosibirsk region, in particular via Novosibirsk. Further north, in the Tomsk region merges with Tomyu and then Chulym, then it turns to the west and near the town of Kolpashevo merges with the Ket river. In the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area, the Ob flows through the Nizhnevartovsk, Surgut, Nefteyugansk, and some other cities. After the Khanty-Mansiysk the Ob turns north, while it begins with this delta, then, in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, the Ob flows through Salekhard and Labytnangi. After this point, much of it expands and flows into the Ob Bay Kara Sea.
The area of the Ob River basin is of 2990 thousand km ². For this indicator, the river is the first in Russia. The Ob is also the third water-bearing river in Russia (after the Yenisei and the Lena). In the southern part of the Ob River is the Novosibirsk reservoir formed by a dam of the Novosibirsk Hydroelectric Power Station. The dam was constructed from 1950 to 1961, when the created reservoir flooded many villages and most of the Berdsk city. The Ob Sea (as the locals call it) is the resting place for many from Novosibirsk, its banks are numerous motels and resorts. Tourists come here from all the neighboring regions. At the end of the XIX century the Ob-Yenisei Canal was built, which connected the Ob with the Yenisei.It is currently unused and abandoned. Inflows The main tributaries of the Ob are: the Charysh, the Agan, the Bax, the Aley, the Chumysh, the Tom, the Chulym, the Ket, the Bird, the Yin, the Irtysh, the North Sosva and the Tromegan.
The origin of the word "Ob"
The river was called "Sall-wells". Then it was given the name "Ace" - "Big River. The Russians first saw the river in its lower reaches, where hunters and traders went beyond the Ural Mountains. There is a version that the name of the river comes from the Komi language, meaning "snow", "snowdrift", "place in the snow." There is also speculation that the name is associated with the Iranian word "about" "water". There is also a version that the word "Ob" comes from the Russian "both", meaning "two rivers" - the "Ob", referring to the two rivers - the Katun and the Biy, which merges into the Ob.
Cruises on the river are often organized. You can see many modern ships with all the amenities and comfortable hotels shore. This type of vacation is a great way to diversify your life. In the end, it is a very convenient synthesis of beach and sightseeing holidays!
Others The Longest Rivers in the World .
Others from The Longest Rivers in the World
Everyone dreams to visit at least one of these places.
Those who live in modern cities with tall buildings tend to lose what Mother Nature has to offer.
They say "beauty is in the eye of the beholder," and there are probably many places that you consider to be most important in the world.
To our mind, rivers are very important and they offer splendid, natural views that Mother Nature offers.
Water is one of the most precious natural resources , we cannot live without it.
Globally, water supplies are rare: less than 1% of the world's water is good for consumption, and much of it, 2/3 of the Earth’s surface is covered by rivers and salt waters.
A river is formed from the union of several streams which naturally flow downhill , under the effect of gravity , which either flows into another stream or river ( its tributary ) or in a lake , a sea or an ocean .
For this reason we do not pretend that our list of places included are the most beautiful, but rather among the vast collection of the longest and the largest rivers in the world.
1 - Nile - 6600 km, the most beautiful areas of the basin downstream waterways are in Aswan.
2 - Amazon - 6480 km, the largest river basin in the world, cruises are up to Iquitos.
3 - Yang Tse Kiang - 6300 km downstream from the dam cruises.
4 - Mississippi - 6280 km, one in four Americans living around the pool's third largest river in the world, every city on its banks proposes at least one cruise.
5 - Yenissei - 5540 km, navigable by small portions, is the longest in Russia.
6 - Huang He (Yellow River) - 5464, with most cruises in China.
7 - Ob Irtchych - 5410 km, one of the 120 rivers that cross Russia.
8 - Congo - 4800 km, the second largest river basin in the world that flows, in sequence with Amazon, African adventure for the brave.
9 - Amur - 4500 km, navigable river, it crosses Russia and China.
10 - Lena - 4400 km, the most eastern of Russian rivers, crosses Siberia from the south to the north and it is one of the most fascinating deltas.
For the lovers of amazing sceneries, these rivers can be the perfect destinations and the cruises the most wonderful experiences.
Cruises have always aroused the curiosity of people even if not everyone can afford such a trip.
If the desire to live new sensations, schedule your vacation early next year and choose a destination that allows you to take a cruise on one of the longest rivers in the world.