One of the most strategic waterway channel, Bosporus connecting the Black Sea and Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles, together with (in Turkish "Canakkale") separates Europe from Asia, is a flooded valley that follows an irregular course north-east to south- west over a length of 32 km, 730-3300 m wide and 30-120 meters deep.
Bosphorus word comes from a word of unknown origin Thracian language. This Greek word is interpreted as meaning "Vad Cow", the legend of Io, one of the lovers of Zeus, who swam across the strait as a cow chased and continuously disturbed by flies sent by Hera.
This channel is very busy so ships and tankers and fishing and tourist cruise ships. Over two suspension bridges crossing the channel. The first, Bogazici Bridge, connecting and Beylerbeyi and Ortaköy, opened in 1973. Is 1074 meters long, 165 meters (columns) and six lanes. The second, Fatih Sultan Bridge Mehmet, connecting Hisari Anadolu and Rumeli Hisari and was inaugurated in 1988. Is 1090 meters long, 65 meters high and eight lanes.
The high banks of up to 200 meters, with palaces, ruins and gardens, they make up one of the most beautiful sights in Turkey. The best way to enjoy the Bosphorus in all its splendor will be to embark on a cruise ship (so you can admire some of the old Ottoman wooden houses called "Yali" in Turkish).
By Maria Morari
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