The Orthodox Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral, which is one of the largest buildings in the northern capital is located in the heart of St. Petersburg, on the Nevsky Prospect.Its height is 71.5 meters. There was a small wooden church of the Kazan Mother of God on the Nevsky Prospekt at the beginning of the XVIII century. In subsequent years, in its place a stone church was built, called Christmas. The Kazan icon of the Mother of God was brought in the temple after and it was called Kazan. In the era of the reign of Emperor Paul I, the old building was in need of renovation, and therefore was decided to be built in the capital of the Russian Empire, the temple, which has no less dignity than the Roman Cathedral of St. Peter. After reviewing the many proposals the choice fell on a project of Andrei Voronikhin, who was a former serf of Count Stroganov. The construction of the cathedral was completed in 1811, and Andrei Voronikhin was awarded. The work on the construction of the temple was performed by Russian serfs, and building materials were brought from different parts of Russia.
It is a stunning work of architecture which consists of ninety-six columns arranged in a semicircle thirteenth meters Colonnade, emphasizing the central part of the cathedral. In the area adjacent to the territory of the Kazan Cathedral were four sculptures – of Prince Vladimir, John the Baptist, Andrew and Alexander Nevsky. The temple doors were copied from the doors of Florentine baptismal home. The interior of the cathedral is similar to the luxurious palace premises, and falling out of window openings sun's rays to visually increase the height of the dome. Kazan Cathedral is inseparable from all the major historical events. This is where a prayer service was held, after the place of battles where Kutuzov went, and where the great Russian commander was buried in the Kazan Cathedral in the crypt.
The commemorative sculptures of Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly are also in the cathedral. In Soviet times, the service in the Kazan Cathedral stopped, and the Museum of History of Religion has been opened. The famous icon of Kazan Mother of God was sent to the Prince Vladimir Cathedral. Kazan Cathedral suffered during the Great Patriotic War - during the siege the building was destroyed by shells. In the postwar years, the structure has undergone reconstruction and repair. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the service in the largest cathedral of St. Petersburg was re-installed the cross on the dome was reput and the icon of the Mother of God was returned to its original place.
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This is St.
Petersburg, Russia's second-largest city, a great centre of culture of indigenous people of the northern capital, which is often an occasion for jokes and pride.
It's hard to believe, but in some places in St.
Petersburg - for example, in the rush hour on the subway - you can still hear the phrase "Excuse me" and "please.
Petersburg - perhaps the most large-scale experiment on crossing the European order and the Russian mentality.
There is something about this city that gets under your skin.
Many are ready to sing praises about St.
Petersburg, and many would give everything to move here permanently.
Others have criticized the city for gloom and depression, with the stable gray sky and shabby backyards, shocking underside of monuments of architecture of St.
And even skeptics understand that melancholy here has a very different breed.
When the heaviest clouds in gloomy afternoon creep on the golden spire of the Admiralty , it seems that even without the sun on the banks of the Neva, highly culture still exists.
It's not like celebrations on the Red Square on the background of the Asian Kremlin.
Petersburg, anyway, is in Europe, well, or the "eurowindow", which so diligently the visionary Peter I chopped.
The Russian Emperor was very kind to their offspring.
He personally chose the site for the Nevsky prospect , thought should be where Peter and Paul Fortress was.
Trying to be "trending", with an eye to Venice and Amsterdam , Peter planned to ensnare a city network of canals and issued a decree according to which all the buildings - a hitherto unprecedented case in Russia - were to be built only in stone.
Foreign guides, waving away the noisy Moscow , on the pages of Peter put forward in the first place.
And hit the target.
While the capital is choked with traffic jams , Petersburg City has lots of cheap and tolerable houses, a nice hotel near the Five corners, where it is already possible to climb on the enormous St.
Isaac's Cathedral , "Aurora" deck and to get lost in the labyrinths of the "Hermitage" .
The notorious "spirit of St Petersburg" is legendary, but even if we expand it to chemical elements, we shall not reveal the secret.
For some, Peter is Baroque architecture of Rastrelli for someone else the chants of "Zenith" fans or gatherings at the "Idiot" restaurant.
But the constant attribute of the Petersburg atmosphere is the fresh sea breeze, of numerous islands in the Neva delta.
The city's white nights are legendary.
Not in vain, St.
Petersburg was known as the "Venice of the North".
During the first World War was named Petrograd and after in hounour of the revolutionary Vladimir Lenin was re-named Leningrad.
Give yourself plenty of time to discover the best places and cultural destinations to visit in Saint Petersburg!