Destinations / The Best Places to Visit in the Peloponnese, Greece / Mycenae
Tourism, this noble human occupation cannot be totally separated from history, legend, myth, geography, literature, and many other areas that are interconnected. This time I shall try to introduce the atmosphere of this fantastic city of Antiquity, Mycenae. The proud city of Peloponnese, Mycenae has a lot to offer to us and many sites to be discovered.
In Mycenae ruled: the Perseid dynasty: Perseus - the founder of the city - the son of Zeus and Danae, and three sons; the second dynasty: Atreus; Agamemnon, the son of Atreus; Agamemnon's son Orestes; Tisamenus and some other rulers. Mycenae, the most important archaeological site in the Peloponnese peninsula, lies in the north-east of the peninsula, in the prefecture of Argolida. You can arrive here on the route Athens - Megara - Corinth Canal. Then you can make a deviation to the east coast in the Saronic Gulf to visit the ancient amphitheater at Epidauros, then headed west a bit up in Nafplio, a port city in the Gulf Argolic and here you can climb near Argos few kilometers due north in Mycenae. But it could also come directly from the Corinth Canal southwest. Again though, it is a shame not to visit Epidauros, all these impressive goals being perfect.
Distances from Mycenae: Athens is 90 km north-east on the shortest way; Argos is 11 km to the south, 48 km north of Corinth.
The ancient Mycenaean site has a very scenic view from the top of a rocky hill. It offers panoramic views and is surrounded by hills and mountains, especially two mountains "twins" . So all eyes reveal a very beautiful landscape. Peloponnese peninsula is generally of a very special charm!
Sights in the archaeological site of Mycenae: Lions Gate
The first objective you're amazed at the entrance to the main site. It is a massive building, imposing a fortress as a symbol of power. It has two lions carved in massive beam vertically above the entrance to the main site. It is , chronologically speaking, one of the first if not the first building carved monumental on the territory of old Europe!
The royal palace of Mycenae was known as the House of Atreus (Atreus was the son of Pelops and his father Agamemnon). From the beautiful palace on fire around 1200 there are only ruins, but these are too impressive. The foundation was of stone blocks and now retains traces of the devastating fire!
Acropolis of Mycenae
These fortifications were built in a so-called "Cyclopean style", believing that once the massive stones were hewn and brought here by the one-eyed giants, Cyclops!
There were six graves containing 19 bodies discovered by the famous German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann (who identified the ruins of Troy ). It was then also found a funerary mask, H. Schliemann said that belonged to the King Agamemnon! At the same time also discovered "Nestor's Cup" (another hero, "old Nestor" in alliance Achaeans in the Trojan War, the epic Iliad).Besides this, he discovered a real treasure consisting of 14 kg of gold crowns, masks, jewelry etc. All these can be admired at the National Museum of Archaeology in Athens!
Treasury of Atreus
It is a grave form of hive, representing an impressive building .Through a long corridor it enters the main tomb. It had great acoustics theory. The Treasury is also called Tomb of Agamemnon, but there is no evidence in this regard. Moreover, H. Schliemann believed that Agamemnon's tomb is still in the main site of Mycenae, but anything for sure.
The history of this city real or imaginary, doesn’t matter, one thing is certain: real testimony Mycenae is impressive, even as ruins of one of the most glorious European castles and ancient civilizations!
Mycenae: historical truth
The Citadel of Mycenae was founded by Indo-European tribes of Achaeans, somewhere around 2000 b Ch. In time, Mycenae became an important urban center of Greek civilization, as neighbor Argos, becoming the capital of the Argolid. The period between 1600 b. Ch. and 1100 (Late Bronze Age) in the history of ancient Greek civilization mainland is called "Mycenaean civilization", in recognition of the importance and influence of this city in ancient Greece prior "Golden Century "of Pericles.
Moreover, the Mycenaean civilization that ruled the Eastern Mediterranean between 16-12 b. Ch. had a vital role in the further development of the civilization of ancient Greek classics. I take an additional specification, almost in parallel with the Mycenaean civilization flourished the Greek continental, another remarkable civilization whose traces are found today mainly on the Greek islands, especially in Crete, Santorini and other islands, namely Minoan civilization.
Starting with the 1200, the Mycenaean civilization went into decline. The city was destroyed by the Dorians who invaded Hellas; There is also another version, that Mycenae was destroyed by the "Sea Peoples" who destroyed the Hittite Empire.
During the peak of the Greek civilization, Mycenae has become stronger; fought in alliance Athens - Greek against the Persians at Thermopylae. But by 460, Neighbors and rivals attacked and destroyed Mycenae. Argos and surviving population were exiled. It is finished so the story of a towering city, but today its ruins are testimony to the glory of yesteryear.
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The name comes from the legendary hero of the peninsula Pelops.
Nowadays the peninsula developed and has wonderful resorts and hotels, wonderful landscapes and a rich history.
The legendary islands from Peloponnese are ideal places to spend summer and winter vacations.
Their variety can satisfy the desires of every tourist.
Loutraki developed spa and luxury hotels, in Mani you can find castles and historic mansions, Arkadia and Monemvasia have special mountain chalets, Parnassus and Taygetos have many mountain villas.
Beaches in the Peloponnese are sandy or sandy with small patches of small pebbles.
Families with children should pay attention to the northern coast regions Achaia and Corinth.
There is a resort focused on a family vacation.
On the south coast are deserted picturesque beaches.
In the Corinthia tourists choose to stay at the beach of Loutraki or Xilokastro or on a pebble coast Sikya, for the purity of its waters.
In Argolida remarkable is the sandy beach of Tolo, Plepi and Porto Heli, the same to choose pebbles for their transparency uncontaminated with sand water, worth of attention is also the Palais Epidavros, Ermioni or Arvantiyu.
According to the Peloponnese you can study the history of ancient Greece, one of the richest in the sights of the country.
For example, Mycenae- the center of ancient civilization of the world where still are preserved the ruins of the palace of the legendary Lion's Gate.
Or the very Sparta , the birthplace of 300 Spartans, the most powerful body and spirit of the inhabitants of ancient Greece.
Olympia all know as ancestor of the Olympic Games.
Today you can see the most ancient stadium, take the first athletes.
Also noteworthy is the city of Corinth , which gave the world Corinthian columns.
Decorating today are not only ancient columns, but also modern mansions.
In Epidaurus flock to pilgrimage came under the influence of Melpomene theater-goers: it is in Epidaurus is the oldest theater in the country, whose acoustics still affects the minds of architects and engineers - the ringing of the fallen coin in the center of the scene can be heard even at 60 m, in the back row.
Peloponnese is multidimensional and an amazing place to visit.
Important archeological sites, ancient cities, fortresses where are held important festivals and cultural events located in a wonderful natural settings with mountains, rivers and beaches are an attraction for tourists worldwide.