Corinth is one of the most classic tourist destination of the Peloponnese .Beautiful pebble beaches, hidden in the shades of the eucalyptus trees, interesting archaeological monuments of ancient Corinth and Nemea around the capital, the idyllic Zirias lakes-Stimfaliya , Doxa, Dasiu, casinos, hotels bars near the sea guarantee a memorable vacation in Greece.
Corinth is the town of the same name on the isthmus connecting central Greece and the Peloponnese . The most important of the cities in ancient Greece, at the beginning of our era Corinth was one of the main centers of missionary activity of the Apostle Paul. The modern city was founded after the devastating earthquake in 1858 5 km from Ancient Corinth and is the second largest city in the Peloponnese. The distance from Athens is of 78 km.
Originating as a settlement no later than 4000 BC. e., Corinth has repeatedly become the main business center of the eastern Mediterranean. This was facilitated by its geographical location , the city not only controlled the movement on the isthmus, but also organized a portage for ships between the Ionian and Aegean Seas.
Corinth was famous for its ceramics and fabrics. It is here that formed the most magnificent of the styles of classical Greek architecture. Wealth and lavish lifestyles of its inhabitants even reflected in the well-known saying, "it is not given to everyone to visit Corinth."
Presumably in 50 BC. e. Paul arrived in Corinth. Having lived in the city , he founded the Christian community, which subsequently spent two of his letters that are included in the New Testament. In 58 Paul returns to his flock and writes here Romans. After the liberation from the Turkish yoke, in 1833, Corinth, thanks to its strategic location and historical significance was considered as one of the candidates for the status of the capital of Greece, but was "defeated" by Athens. Currently Corinth is a major industrial hub and transport center.
The biggest attraction of the city is the Temple of Apollo, dating from the 6th century BC, rises above the ruins of the Roman agora, or shopping malls. Particularly noteworthy are the source and the Holy Tribune, or Bema, in the open area north of the agora. It is on this building where the Apostle Paul was, when he had to defend himself and the Christian faith before Gallio . Within the series are also the ruins of pyrene - the main source of drinking water, named after the mythological character who, according to legend, after the death of his grandson in the mountain lila , lost so many tears that turned into a source.
To the north-west from the city's Theatre, in the time of Augustus its lower tier was rebuilt and was used for gladiatorial combat. Further to the north are the ruins of the sanctuary of Asclepius and the source of Lerna, known as Asklepion - a complex dedicated to the art of healing, and the healer-god Asclepius. During the summer, you can explore the city a better place in the early morning or in the afternoon to avoid the scorching sun and mass tourist flow.
Acrocorinth are the ruins of the fortress walls of the Byzantine eras, Roman and Turkish rule. From the top of the hill on which once stood the temple of Aphrodite, offer spectacular views. The rise of a hill 566 meters in height rather tedious, so if you do not have a car, be sure to take a taxi at the foot of the hill. Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow strip of land that connects the Peloponnese peninsula of mainland Greece, near Corinth.
To the west of the isthmus lies the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf to the east. Between 1882 and 1893 was built the Corinth Canal, which separated Peloponnese mainland, making it virtually the island. Corinth Canal has a length of 6.3 km, depth of 80 m and width of 23 m.
Today, the Peloponnese peninsula is connected to the mainland by bridges submerged roads and a bridge. Corinth Canal was built vessels, so you do not have to surround the Peloponnese peninsula. This idea appeared since ancient times, but its realization took place only in the late nineteenth century.
Maps of Corinthmap Greece
Others from The Best Places to Visit in the Peloponnese, Greece
The name comes from the legendary hero of the peninsula Pelops.
Nowadays the peninsula developed and has wonderful resorts and hotels, wonderful landscapes and a rich history.
The legendary islands from Peloponnese are ideal places to spend summer and winter vacations.
Their variety can satisfy the desires of every tourist.
Loutraki developed spa and luxury hotels, in Mani you can find castles and historic mansions, Arkadia and Monemvasia have special mountain chalets, Parnassus and Taygetos have many mountain villas.
Beaches in the Peloponnese are sandy or sandy with small patches of small pebbles.
Families with children should pay attention to the northern coast regions Achaia and Corinth.
There is a resort focused on a family vacation.
On the south coast are deserted picturesque beaches.
In the Corinthia tourists choose to stay at the beach of Loutraki or Xilokastro or on a pebble coast Sikya, for the purity of its waters.
In Argolida remarkable is the sandy beach of Tolo, Plepi and Porto Heli, the same to choose pebbles for their transparency uncontaminated with sand water, worth of attention is also the Palais Epidavros, Ermioni or Arvantiyu.
According to the Peloponnese you can study the history of ancient Greece, one of the richest in the sights of the country.
For example, Mycenae- the center of ancient civilization of the world where still are preserved the ruins of the palace of the legendary Lion's Gate.
Or the very Sparta , the birthplace of 300 Spartans, the most powerful body and spirit of the inhabitants of ancient Greece.
Olympia all know as ancestor of the Olympic Games.
Today you can see the most ancient stadium, take the first athletes.
Also noteworthy is the city of Corinth , which gave the world Corinthian columns.
Decorating today are not only ancient columns, but also modern mansions.
In Epidaurus flock to pilgrimage came under the influence of Melpomene theater-goers: it is in Epidaurus is the oldest theater in the country, whose acoustics still affects the minds of architects and engineers - the ringing of the fallen coin in the center of the scene can be heard even at 60 m, in the back row.
Peloponnese is multidimensional and an amazing place to visit.
Important archeological sites, ancient cities, fortresses where are held important festivals and cultural events located in a wonderful natural settings with mountains, rivers and beaches are an attraction for tourists worldwide.