Beirut was built on a high rocky promontory. Nowadays it is the capital of a modern nation, but in times gone deep harbor and central location were not so popular, the city is overshadowed by more powerful neighbors.
In dark times Birotica town called, a Semitic word meaning "well" or "source". When cities of Sidon and Tyre and the city began declining in the first century BC. Berytus, as it was then called, acquired more influence, but only in Roman times became an important cultural center with famous Romanian School of Law. When power has faded Romanian, Greek influence dominated since the fourth century AD Byzantine Later, the Crusaders dominated the town since 200 years. Only the late nineteenth century, after 400 years of Ottoman rule, Beirut began to develop and modernize.
Beirut today, more than one million inhabitants, remains the country's commercial and cultural center. Although the war has left in ruins downtown businesses were moved to other parts of town and trade continued. In the 1990s there have been plans for reconstruction of areas affected by war. In 25 years this project will turn Beirut into a modern city that still retains Oriental environment. Landmarks as Martyrs' Square, Parliament Buildings, Serail and the traditional souk sites are part of a project that spans 1.6 million square feet. Part of the development plan and extensive archaeological excavations.
By Maria Morari
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most beautiful places in the Middle East