Victoria Falls is one of the wonders of the world, the largest waterfall in the world, an amazing natural phenomenon. It is located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, where the fourth-largest river in Africa - Zambezi rushes down from a height of 120 m to 30 m in a wide gorge of the Kololi tribe that lived in these places in the 1800s, known as Waterfall Mozi-oa-Tunya, the large smoke of falling water. The majestic Victoria Falls, or rather, a huge cloud of spray which rises above it can be seen from a distance of 64 km. At the peak of the rainy season every minute break in basaltic rocks 2 miles wide rushes 546 million cubic meters of water. In this place of calmness the Zambezi river shallow turns into a real hell of boiling water. In November 1855 the Scottish traveler David Livingstone was the first European who reached the Victoria Falls. He heard about this miracle of nature four years before, when together with William Cotton Osvellom reached the headwaters of the Zambezi River. Later, in 1853-1856 Livingstone crossed Africa. As a missionary, he hoped to open the heart of Africa to the Christian missionaries. Surprisingly, the researcher was not at all enthusiastic about the opening of the waterfall, although later he repeatedly stated that he gave " great species that they had to please the angels in flight". Despite the annoyance caused by the opening of the Falls, Livingstone is still recognized that the greatness of the unique phenomenon of nature worthy of the name of the British Queen Victoria. Victoria Falls consists of five main components: Throat Devil (having a height of 30 m and 70 m wide), Main Falls (up 93 m and 1 km wide), Horseshoe Falls (elevation 108 m), Rainbow Falls (elevation 108 m) and East Falls (elevation 101 m).
On the very edge of the Main Falls is Livingston Island. In ancient times shamans and sorcerers were going to this island to perform their magic rites and sacrifices. In order to fully appreciate the enormous amount of power the giant waterfall and the water cut deep gorges at a distance of 8 km. You can examine the Falls from the air or, if you want to raft down. Pilots flying in the Upper Zambezi descend into the valley. It is unlikely you will ever forget this amazing feeling. Nearby is At the edge of the waterfall is located the Bridge, where you can admire the raging torrent of water in the depths of the gorge. Also in the wet, misty rain forest at the top of the waterfall trail, the brave visitor who is not afraid to get wet to the skin in a huge cloud of spray, can enjoy the incredible spectacle Ngoni falls. Another vantage point for observation is on the other side of the bridge " the knife blade", which was built in 1900 on the orders of Cecil Rhodes. There is also a "tree inspection" where you can enjoy panoramic views of the waterfall and fully appreciate the greatness of the miracle of light. The combination of the dark green of the river bottom in shiny rocks and emerald-green foliage makes a truly memorable landscape. The main attraction of the country, with no doubt remains the famous giant Victoria Falls. The Zambian side of the waterfall, sometimes undeservedly forgotten describes this wonder of nature, but on the other hand, it provides a much smaller influx of tourists and improved access to the lookout for more than advertised Zimbabwean side of the waterfall. Close to the Falls is the archaeological site and a small museum with exhibits, often coffers right before your eyes from the open excavation immediately. The business card of the Museum are the anthropological findings, and in the first place - the remains of a variety of human-like, showing that the people or their ancestors had inhabited this area at least 2.5 million years ago. At 300 km. downstream of the Zambezi from Victoria Falls there are the spectacular waterfalls Ngoni . Fortunately for tourists, this wonderful place is free from the influx of visitors and other tourism attributes its more famous counterparts. Admittedly, these waterfalls are less in height, but not less picturesque than Victoria - the water is falling in several stages and a wide expanse of stages has a magnificent view.
Others The Best Places to Visit in Zambia .
Maps of Victoria Fallsmap Zambia
Others from The Best Places to Visit in Zambia
The Republic of Zambia shares borders with Angola in the west, the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west and north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east and Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south.
Most of the country is located on a hilly plateau, lowering to the south.
Areas of sublime relief include the famous Copper Belt and the picturesque plateau on the border with Nico Malawi, which is the highest point - the peak Mvanda (2150 m).
The total area of the country is of 752.
6 thousand square km.
The climate, as it should be in Africa, tourists will be pleased: the coldest month is July, when the temperature drops to +15 ° C.
In October, the air is to +27 ° C.
The population is of 9 million 663 thousand persons, of whom 98 7% - indigenous Africans.
The official language is English, but the local population uses to communicate vernaculars Bantu.
Tours to Zambia today offer a variety of operators.
The Republic is famous for its beautiful nature and it has 19 protected national parks, the largest and the most popular of which is Kefyu.
You will remember forever your holidays in this African country known to the world with its Victoria Falls, archaeological sites, numerous museums, and rafting on the Zambezi rapid River .
The most popular is the tourist resort environment Zambian Siavonga, which is located in the north-eastern extremity of the lake called Kariba.
The famous giant Victoria Falls (120 m and a width of about 2 km) is situated at the border area of Zambia on the Zambezi River near the town of Livingston.
One of the best places to observe the "big plan" Victoria is at the "Knife Edge", which can only be achieved by subtle, but absolutely safe pedestrian bridge that passes directly through clouds of spray to the rocky island, a cliff overlooking a river.
If the water is low and the wind is favorable, you will see a magnificent panorama of waterfalls and view the yawning chasm below the Zambezi Bridge which is more than offset the slight difficulty lifting.
It is in Zambia where you can get an adrenaline rush, flying in a helicopter, light aircraft or glider, or alloys of the white foam of the boiling water on rafts and canoes.
Here, also, to "Victoria Falls Bridge" is the world's largest attraction "bungee jump" (better known here as "bungee") - the height of the separation point is 111 m.
Fans of more traditional rest also will be pleased, for their services - fishing on Lake Kariba and Tanganyika National Parks safaris and South Luangwa Loshinvar, watching animals and birds.