Qutb Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world. The tower's height reaches 72.5 meters, and there are 379 steps on the top of the structure. The Qutb minaret is located in Delhi, India. The tower is considered a World Heritage site and is protected by UNESCO. The construction of the tower was started by the first Muslim ruler of India Qutbuddin Aibak. He was impressed by the Afghanistan Dzhamsk minaret and decided to build anything he is not conceding and even surpassing it in beauty. The foundation of the future of the tower was built in 1193, but the further construction has stalled. Later, during the reign of Iltutmysha (heir Qutbuddin), three stories of the tower were built. It was only in 1368, when the last fifth stage was completed.
Looking at the tower from the bottom to the top, it can be seen as an evolving and changing architectural styles of the time. Qutb Minar minaret was built on the territory of the ancient Indian mosque Kuwwat-ul-Islam, which translated means "the power of Islam." Before that, there were several Hindu places of worship, among which is the temple of the god Vishnu. Some walls of the Hindu temples have been preserved until our days and peacefully coexist with a minaret. The tower is built of red sandstone, and on the third tier of the construction white marble was used. Once the tower was crowned with a dome, but an earthquake in 1803, collapsed it. Nobody restored it, and it remained so and left lying near the minaret. The diameter at the base of the tower is of 14.3 meters. Each tier of the tower is more and more narrow, and on the fifth floor the diameter is equal to the floor just 2.7 meters. The walls are decorated with intricately carved towers, among which sayings from the Koran can be read. Constructing such a high minaret, lost perhaps the main features of such buildings. As you know, the minaret is a place where several times a day the muezzin calls to spread the prayer. However, the tower was so high that the cry of the muezzin was almost inaudible to hear. It should be noted that in addition to the tower there is one more, no less amusing in sight - a small iron pillar, which is installed near the minaret. The height of this, seemingly uncomplicated constructions, is only of 7.2 meters long and it weighs about 6 tons. If you believe the chronicles, the column was cast in 895 BC. The question arises how the column could remain intact to these days? Through a series of tests it was found that the chemical composition of the column is almost 100% pure iron. It is still a mystery how it was possible to get in the smelting of iron such as at the time this procedure was technically impossible! Rumor has it that the material to melt served as a meteorite that fell to the Earth about three thousand years ago. .
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Since ancient times, this is an unspoken competition among architects to be the builder of the tallest building, of the longest bridge, of the most original house, of the most beautiful churches, etc.
Telling the truth, the architects began to receive recognition for their work only in recent times (since the era of modern times.
) Prior to that, until the time of the late Middle Ages, all the laurels battered rulers, barons, knights and other nobles, many of whom did not know what the project construction is.
There are several categories of buildings, which, thanks to their impressive size are among the most famous man-made objects.
These categories include the pyramids, bridges, towers and skyscrapers.
A tower is a high engineering construction.
The main differences from the other towers, tall buildings are the lack of braces (console design, fixed only at the bottom)and extremely low internal volume, and sometimes the entire volume of the tower is occupied by only one staircase.
As an engineering construction, the tower belongs to the antenna-mast structures.
The most commonly towers use antennas and feeder equipment for their location.
For example, mobile operators are placed on towers and relay panel antenna.
If the height of the antenna-mast structures (AMC), is more than 45 feet , it requires an electricity system.
This requirement REGA to ensure safety.
The creators of the Eiffel Tower gave the go-ahead starting the present stage of the competition for the title of " the biggest skyscraper or tower of the world.
" Built in 1889 it became the tallest (312m) building in the world.
Prior to its two thousand years the palm kept Pyramid of Giza (147m).
After the Eiffel Tower became the champions of the growth series: the Empire State Building (381m) in New York, Chicago Sears Tower (442m), Malaysia's Petronas Towers (452m), Taiwan's Taipei 101 (508m).
The latter was built in 2004 and held the title of the world's tallest skyscraper until 21 July 2007, when the line was broken by the cherished tower Burj Dubai in United Arab Emirates.
It rose to a height of 512 meters.
The construction of the tower is not yet complete, its completion is scheduled for late 2008.
According to the statements of architects, its height will reach a record high indeed - 808 meters.
The cost of the construction of the tower is estimated at one billion dollars and has lasted for almost four years.
The average rate of the construction of one floor lasted three days.
The tower and the adjacent buildings occupied a land of 200 hectares (it cost the owners of the building 20 billion dollars).
The tower will be equipped with 56 elevators (incidentally, the fastest in the world), boutiques, swimming pools, apartments class "luxury" hotels, and observation sites .
A distinctive feature is the construction of the international working teams: South Korean firm contractor, American architects, Indian builders.
Four thousand people had been involved in the construction.
The building of the tower was created in the shape of a trefoil - a symbol of life in the desert.
Its spire will be visible at a distance of sixty miles.
The Burj Dubai Tower will be the center of a large architectural complex.
Among the buildings of the huge complex (12ha), there will be an artificial lake, 30 thousand homes, a large park area, nine hotels.
Since ancient times, people seek height.
The evidence of this fact can be found everywhere - from the ancient Egyptian pyramids to the modern skyscrapers.
The legend of the Tower of Babel explains this tendency as theomachism - people wanted to reach heaven and defeat the gods.
Then they did not succeed, God sent the exuberant wind, tossing the tower, and mixed in a sentence all human languages.
But people have stubbornly continued to build high-rise structures - whether we wanted to prove his power, or trying to get closer to God, or seeking other worlds .
But as a person - just a man, and him, as did the ancient Romans, to err, it sometimes happened that tall buildings do not want to look up and just started to lean down to its creators.
So, many towers fell .
The reasons for the fall of the towers is the most different, many of them are connected with the peculiarities of the soil or with errors in the design and construction.
But, of course, each tower has an explanation of this feature.
A good tower is usually not one but several legends associated with its slope.
And certainly the leaning tower is a local (and sometimes known in the whole world) landmark.
If the tower identified its status, it is immediately placed in local guidebooks, and even brings considerable income.
We will cover the most famous bowing towers, each remarkable in its own way.
The most famous of falling towers are one of the oldest.
The tower is a bell tower and is part of the architectural ensemble, which also includes the cathedral, baptistery and cemetery.
All this is built of white marble and it simply shines in sunny weather .