Dover is known to history as "the key to England". You can see the chalk cliffs from the open sea to many miles.
The chalk cliffs are situated on the coast of Kent . Dover Cliffs by bright color can be seen from the French Gray Point. The height of the cliffs is up to 107 meters . Although these chalk cliffs are not uncommon for the south - east of England , Dover were the most popular. The White Cliffs of Dover have long served as a symbol of sailors. The cliffs of Dover tower above the sea and their dazzling whiteness was the first sign of approaching England for many generations of sailors. Because of the proximity of France, being located at just 34 km, historically, Dover, had a great strategic importance for the protection of the kingdom of the British Island. Ascended to the top of the White cliffs to a height of about 114 m above the sea level, the Castle of Dover, which was built nearly a thousand years ago reflecting the invasion of Europe, is one of the most impressive fortresses in the world.
From central London to Dover is about 129 km, the capital of this beautiful city connecting highway. The white Cliffs look better from the sea, for there is a network of marine tourist routes. Downs over the cliff , is also a great place for walking, with their magnificent view of the sea and of the nearby coast. The chalk cliffs can be found throughout the south coast of England, for example, at Beachy Head in East Sussex. The South Downs meet the sea, but they have not given rise to so many popular songs, poetry and paintings, as the white cliffs of Dover. There is an abundance of flowers on calciphilic. These rocks were noted even in Elizabethan times, when in 1548 the "father of English botany", William Turner described them. One of the best known species is with bright yellow flowers and large fleshy leaves. The beauty of these plants can be admired even today. Sapphire, yellow and several species of wild orchid were found only on chalk soils, pleasing the travelers’ eyes passing along the many trails that ran over the cliffs around Dover. The Sami rocks, mainly composed of chalk formed during the Late Cretaceous period, when millions of tiny creatures in shells which were rich in calcium carbonate, died and sank to the seabed. Layer by layer, gradually the shells lay on each other and the process of sedimentation took place. The resulting chalk soft form of limestone, was quickly destroyed by the sea and the wind.
The geological processes that caused the destruction of the limestone of White cliffs and the formation of Dover, developed in a typical scheme. First vulnerabilities in the rocks were weakened under the influence of salt water that seeped into cracks and crevices and eroded the softer rocks. Caught in the gap, the water also expanded and contracted under the influence of temperature fluctuations, causing further cracking rocks. Plants also had additional destructive effects, deeply penetrating roots of weakened rock. The second stage of formation is associated with breaking waves: they hit the base of the rock, sending water into cracks and depressions with such force that the rock is literally broken. Rolling back the water also does not pass without leaving a trace. The same wave length sometimes brings with them pebbles and larger stones, and they scratch the rock, slowly but inexorably undermining it, and sometimes forming recesses and caves in the bottom of the cliff.
Overhanging the top of the falls with time, having lost the support washed out from under her rock forms a steep cliff. This process is repeated indefinitely, forcing the bank gradually receding under the pressure of the sea. Erosion also causes the appearance on the site of the destroyed land sea protrusions such entities as the rock-outcrops. It is because of these rocks that Romans called England Albio; “albus” - meaning "white."Geological forces that formed the famous Cliffs of Dover, operated at the same time and on the other side of the Channel, in France, under the Egret, just to the north of Dover. They rise 70 meters above the sea level, a fine example of sea cliffs .
Others from The Most Dramatic Sea Cliffs in the World
What is a sea cliff? A sea cliff is a steep rock created by erosion along a coast.
The word cliff applies to any rocky escarpment, near a coast.
Types of cliffs We can distinguish: low cliffs (height less than 2 meters ), medium cliffs (between 2 and 10 meters) and high cliffs (over 10 meters).
The highest cliffs in the world, Kahiwa Falls , are located in Hawaii on the Molokai Island, and they are about 610 meters high.
Cliff formation Cliffs are formed: by the action of horizontal erosion on an elevated bank either by vertical action digging on a substrate rock or by a differential erosion on two types of rocks , one being more sensitive than the other.
At the foot of the cliffs are usually the remains of their collapse phase in the form of piles of rocks.
The importance of these clusters often depends on the sensitivity of the erosion of the rock.
Nesting habitats Enjoy the close-up views of the beautiful sides of the rock nesting colonies, with binoculars and telescopes provided.
If you someday visit a sea cliff, you can closely look and see a basking adder, while at sea, may be porpoises and dolphins.
The sea cliffs provide nest sites for about 4,000 birds, including puffins, guillemots, auks and fulmars.
Other birds that use this habitat include Peregrines and Ravens.
Seabird populations are monitorized not to be bothered and any disturbances to the colony are minimized.
Visitors’ value The beauty of the reserves with seabird spectacles, operational lighthouses and many sites of geological and of archaeological interest, make the sea cliffs very popular among visitors.
These are major tourist attractions to enhance the flow of tourist revenue to islands and seas.
If possible, you will be provided support by the local communities and you will be transported to another slower, more relaxing time.
As the cliffs are located along rocky coastlines, being on the top of them offers stunning and spacious views.
Sea cliffs are the most beautiful parts of the seas.
The array of barren rocks, the reefs and beaches serve as the best opportunities for excellent tours for a day, swimming and romantic vacations.
Sea cliffs are good spots, splendid isolations for relaxation and meditation.