Why are we so eager to travel? Perhaps the answer is that we want to escape from everyday life, to gain experience, to meet human curiosity. But as soon as we find out about the life of the other people in other countries, we ask ourselves the question: Is it better to live here than in my native place? In the majority of the cases the answer is affirmative. But to live in Miami means to feel detached and energetic. The rest there is wonderful and the best time to travel to Miami is Spring.
The legend says that the Spaniards, who saw these places, exclaimed: "Oh, Florida!” this is the way the state got its name. There are so many interesting places that it is impossible to visit all of them. Key West is worth mentioning, being one of the islands of the Florida Keys (archipelago), located in the south . The Florida Keys are connected with the peninsula of Florida by means of a highway. Its length is 113 miles (about 180 miles), and this is one of the longest highways in the world, connecting the island to the mainland. Once, on the same place there was a railway, built in 1912 by Henry Morrison Flagler who was a millionaire. Its length was 160 km that was the most unimaginable project , especially when you consider that the road was built over the water. But it was much cheaper to build a railroad than a bridge. It took seven years to build it, 700 people died and it cost 50 million dollars. The people used it only 23 years and after a terrible hurricane on Labor’s Day in 1935 it was nearly destroyed. As a consequence, the widow sold it to the government. Then the highways with 42 bridges have been built instead of the railroad. The longest and the most astonishing bridge is the Seven Mile Bridge. Its length is 7 miles (approximately 11 km.
Its length is 35 862 feet (6.79 miles, 10 930 meters) and it is built on the 24 m. and 18 m. spans and 16 m. arches and it has a drawbridge. Generally, the bridge rests on 546 pillars.
• The Bridge connects the mainland with Key West that is called Venice. The inspection of Venice ends with a rich dinner at the tavern. The waiters are very polite and sociable and bring the meals, not knowing the rest. The bill is brought immediately after the dinner concert. You can relish from the beauty of some nice pieces of music, and then a famous American parodist will have the floor.
• The architects tried to continue the style of Key West (Art Nouveau). The guides always comment on some fascinating stories about the bridge and the workers.
• Perhaps Ernest Hemingway travelled by train here. He lived in a small resort town of Key West from 1933 to 1945. He wrote one of the most interesting and deep stories "The Old Man and the Sea " here .
• It is a significant engineering project. But it gives the possibility to those fond of biking to do it. There are some tiny islands just off the Seven Mile Bridge, that offer the possibility to go fishing. There are times when the place under the bridge is excellent for tarpon fishing.
• You can have a walk on the old bridge that runs along the side of the new Seven Mile Bridge.
Others The Longest Bridges of the World .
Others from The Longest Bridges of the World
It is a door to something new….
to something refreshing.
This is the place that gives birth to love and continuity to any relationship.
Different cultures have different traditions linked to bridges.
The Russians consider that the newlyweds should walk along a bridge as a symbol of a new period in life.
Chinese bring their children when they go the first time to the kindergarten believing that they will become honest, courageous, and always high-spirited.
The concept of the Bridge The bridge represents an artificial structure, erected over a river, lake, spilling water or any other obstacle.
It is generally built across the road or a river.
In many cases it joins two borders.
The bridge is one of the oldest engineering inventions of mankind.
The Structure of The Bridge Typically, bridges are made up of spans and supports.
Spans are used to transfer loads and the perception of their supports, they can settle the roadway, pedestrian crossing, the pipeline.
Spans are composed of supporting structures: beams, trusses, diaphragms (cross-ties) and the actual roadway slabs.
The spans are usually straightforward, but if it is necessary they are given a complex shape: spiral, ring, etc.
Forms of supports can be quite diverse.
Intermediate supports are called bulls, coastal - foundations.
Foundations are used to connect the bridge with the approach embankments.
Materials for bridges are metal (steel and aluminum alloys), natural stone, wood and rope.
Types of Bridges All the bridges can be divided from two points of view: By Application: Rail bridge Automotive bridge Metro bridge Hiking bridge Combined bridge By construction: the beam, the spacer , the combined.
Dozen of huge bridges connect different cities and countries.
Hundreds of people drive along them and do not even notice their beautiful architecture.
When we speak about the place where the greatest number of the longest bridges are situated you are going to be surprised to learn that the winner is China.
Still the longest bridge is Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge(1.
991 m) situated in Japan.
The design of the bridge is double-hinged beam system stiffness to withstand wind speeds up to 80 m / s, the seismic activity of up to 8.
5 on the Richter scale and withstand strong sea currents.
The second longest bridge is Xihoumen bridge in China (1.
The cost of the expenses has raised to 2.
48 billion yen (approximately U.
$ 300 million).
The third longest can be found in Denmark and is the Great Belt Bridge (1.
Still the most reliable Bridge is to be found in China once again.
This is Tsing Ma Bridge(1.
They say that it will be safe even when there are typhoons.