About the Okhotsk Sea
The Okhotsk Sea is situated in the Pacific Ocean and washes Russia and Japan. The area is approximately of 1,600 million square kilometers. In autumn and in spring the northern part of the Okhotsk Sea is covered with ice. The sea water temperature varies from -1.8 to +18 degrees Celsius during different months. The Black Sea Coast stretches for thousands of kilometers and more than a dozen forms of large bays such as Zabiyaka Bay, Grandma, Shelting. The Sea of Okhotsk is quite a big and deep sea. Its area is about 1603 thousand km2 with a volume of 1.318 million km3 of water. The average depth of the sea is of 821 m, the maximum depth is 3916 m. The peculiarities of its geographical location is a marginal sea of mixed continental sea-marginal type. The main ports on the mainland are: Magadan, Ayan, Okhotsk on the island of Sakhalin , Korsakov, on the Kuril Islands and Kurilsk in the North. There always are large fishing vessels that are mined with sea salmon, pollock, herring, capelin in the ports. In the eastern part of the sea such major rivers as Amur, Hunting, Kukhtui fall into the sea.
Origin of the name
The very name of the Okhotsk Sea was given due to the river hunting, which in turn comes from the word Okatie - "river". The Japanese have traditionally called it the sea of "Hokkai", literally " the North Sea". But now since the name refers to the North Sea of the Atlantic Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk name changed to "Ohotsuku-kai," which is an adaptation of the Russian name for the rule of Japanese phonetics. By the way the Japanese are still trying to change the map of the Okhotsk Sea, with the intention to increase its territorial waters up to the Kuril Islands.
The Okhotsk Sea is influenced by the monsoon climate of temperate latitudes . The main source of cold air is located to the west. This is due to the fact that the western part of the sea is greatly cut into the mainland and is located near the Asiatic pole of cold. The east, relatively high mountains of Kamchatka impede the progress of warm Pacific air masses . The greatest amount of heat comes from the waters of the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan through the southern and the south-eastern border. But the influence of cold air masses dominate over the warm air masses, so in general the climate is severe enough on the Sea of Okhotsk. The Sea of Okhotsk is colder in comparison with the Bering Sea and the Japan Sea.
Flora and fauna
Due to thermal effects of the ocean water, the living organisms mainly inhabited the southern and southeastern parts of the sea. The phytoplankton of the Sea is dominated by diatoms in zooplankton - copepods and jellyfish larvae of mollusks and worms. Numerous settlements of mussels, periwinkle and other mollusks, crustaceans, barnacles, sea urchins, crustaceans and crabs are observed on the littoral. The Sea of Okhotsk reveals a rich fauna of invertebrates (glass sponges, sea cucumbers, deep-sea octocorals, decapod crustaceans) and fish at great depths. The richest and the most widespread group of plant organisms in the intertidal zone are brown algae. . The most valuable salmon is: chum, pink salmon, coho, Chinook and sockeye. For commercial concentrations are known: the herring, the pollock, the flounder, the cod, the saffron cod, the capelin and the smelt. Such mammals as : whales, seals, sea lions, fur seals live into the sea. Of great economic importance of Kamchatka is the blue crab (crab fishing on the stocks of the Sea of Okhotsk is in first place in the world). Important sea routes linking Beijing with the northern region of the Far East and the Kuril Islands are situated on the Okhotsk Sea. Major ports on the mainland coast are: Magadan (in the Bay Nagayeva), Okhotsk, Sakhalin Island - Korsakov, on the Kuril Islands - North-Kurilsk.
Islands of the Sea of Okhotsk
The islands of the Okhotsk Sea are of great variety both in size and shape, and origin. There are isolated islands and archipelagos, the islands are located in a compact group or in the form of elongated ridges. The Islands are allocated in the mainland of the transition zone. The continental islands are land masses that are located within a single unit with the mainland of the crust. The islands of the transition zone are linearly elongated on an archipelago, crowning the crests of powerful curved ridges-Cordillera. The concave inner ridge is occupied by the volcanic structures, and the external drained tabs fold the basement of the Cordillera. Islands on the coast of eastern Sakhalin are well-known. There are also small islands as: the Seal Rock and the Stone dangers. The Seal Island has a flat top and steep banks. The Rock Stone Dangers is a small group of bare rocks in the La Perouse Strait. Iona Island is located 200 km north of Sakhalin. Its height is of 150 m. The rocky shores are almost vertical. The Shantarsky Islands lie in the northwest of the Okhotsk Sea. They are an archipelago of 15 islands covering about 2500 km. The largest islands are: Grand Shantar (area 1790 km2), Feklistov (400 km2), Small Shantar (100 km2), Squirrel (70 km2). The climate on the islands is hard. The Southern Kuriles include major islands of the Greater Kuril Ridge: Kunashiri, Etorofu Urup, as well as small islands and the Black Brothers Broughton. A large area of larger islands are terraced. Above them, towering volcanic structures with a height of 1200-1800 m (Daddy, Mendeleev, Atsonupuri, Be-rutarube,) - Isle of several Urup is massive base. Middle Kuril Islands are the: Ketoi, Ushishir, Rasshua, Matua, Raikoke. The largest of these is Simushir. The islands are a top surface of single volcanoes which reach elevations up to 1500 m. The northern Kuril Islands include Chi-ashkotan, Ekarma, Chirinkotan, Onekotan, Harim, Makanru, Anciferova, Paramushir Shumshu, Atlasova. They do not form a single chain. The largest of them (the islands Paramushir Shumshu) are located on the eastern outskirts of the Greater Kuril Ridge.
Others The Most Beautiful Seas in the World .
Maps of The Okhotsk Seamap
Others from The Most Beautiful Seas in the World
They fascinate, attract, please, make one forget the problems of today and give you their miracles .
Egypt, UAE, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Cyprus, Mauritius, Greece, Italy…A holiday at the seaside in any of these countries allows to soak up on the beautiful beaches, to do active sports, fishing, scuba diving, to visit wonderful tours and to get acquainted with the natural, historical and cultural sights, to taste the unusual, local cuisine, to buy souvenirs and make quite a bargain.
And with each burst the fatigue decreases and the cities clear your nervous system from stress.
What a sea is A sea is a generic name given to the vast expanses of standing water, deep and salty, on the Earth's surface, which are usually united by a narrow ocean.
A sea is also a part of the ocean, isolated land, islands or underwater terrain elevations, different from the hydrological and meteorological regime of an open ocean: salinity, water temperature, currents, etc.
The more closed the sea dry land is, the more it differs from the ocean.
A sea is sometimes an open ocean or a large lake.
Sea classification According to the degree of isolation and according to the characteristics of the hydrological regime, the seas of the world are divided into internal or semi-enclosed seas, marginal and inter-island seas.
From the geological point of view, the modern seas are young formations: they are all defined in outline, similar to modern, in the Paleogene-Neogene time, and finally took shape in the man-made.
The deepest seas were formed in the areas of major crustal faults ( The Mediterranean Sea).
Shallow seas have flooded waters in the oceans outlying parts of the continents in their lowered or increased sea level and are usually on the continental shelf.
A seaside is a narrow part of shallow seas and oceans, including the drying zone at a low tide.
The most important seas In all there are 54 seas, but the most important seas are probably these: The Baltic Sea, The North Sea, The Black Sea, The Mediterranean Sea, The Marmara Sea, The Aegean Sea, The Caspian Sea, The Azov Sea, The Ligurian Sea, The Tyrrhenian Sea, The Ionian Sea, The Adriatic Sea, The Norwegian Sea, The Red Sea, The Caribbean Sea, The Labrador Sea, Beaufort, Bering, Philippines, The Yellow Sea, The Sea of Japan, China South and East Celebes and Sulu (the Philippines), Saudi, Laccadive, Maldives, Tasman, Timor, Arafura (in Australia) The Coral Sea, Bismarck and the Solomon Sea.
The Marmara Sea is the smallest sea, the largest sea is the Sargasso.
The saltiest sea is the Red Sea.
Because of the lack of a river flow, the water of the Red Sea is one of the most transparent.
The visibility in the water is of a few tens of meters.
The Red Sea also occupies a top position in the list of the warmest seas, with temperatures up to 32 degrees.
The sea is very popular with snorkellers.
Some seas are named by the color of the sea, for example, the same Red Sea is named for the brown microalgae, which give the water a reddish hue.
The Black Sea is named due to the fact that if you omit the depth of any object, it will be covered with a black coating (hydrogen sulphide salt dark color).
The Sargasso Sea due to the green of the large amount of algae.
The Baltic Sea is called golden because the water dissolved in the sea several times more gold than in other seas, six times higher than in the Black Sea.
In all the seas and oceans were dissolved 15 - 25 billion pounds of gold.
What could be a great holiday at the seaside ? Tender southern sun, the refreshing breeze, filled with delightful aromas, golden beaches and a strip of translucent waves, with a quiet rustle of rolling to the shore.
Holidays at the seaside is an opportunity to relax, to forget about everyday problems and concerns and take a lot of delightful impressions and emotions! In modern beach resorts, without exaggeration, there is everything for a comfortable stay! Beautiful beaches and restaurants with fine dining, sports clubs and spas, shopping malls and a variety of nightly entertainment.
And, of course, each country has its own unique national flavor and rich history, which can dip into, visiting attractions and tours.
Holidays at the seaside is the most popular form of recreation.
Everyone wants a long-awaited vacation at the sea , but for all of us, these concepts are different.
Someone likes to lie on the beach, while others want to heal.
And to make your beach vacation like this you need to get as much information about the place where you are going.
This poll contains a lot of very diverse information.
Visit and enjoy the seas! Good luck to all! Wonderful holidays and a deep blue sea!