World Tourism / The Most Impressive Geysers on the Earth / The Excelsior Geyser, Yellowstone National Park
Geysers are wonderful, impressive phenomena, but rare . They can be seen in a few places on the planet. One of them is the Yellowstone National Park in the U.S.A. Geysers and springs are not concentrated in one place. They are scattered on a fairly large area and form complexes attractions.
About the Excelsior Geyser
The Excelsior Geyser is a hot spring gushing at 93 ° C 1 located in the Yellowstone National Park , delivering 15 000 to 17 000 L 2 highly mineralized water per minute. Excelsior is the fourth largest geyser in the world. It is able to throw out a fountain of hot water to a height of 100 m. It is considered one of the wonders of the Yellowstone Park. Its uniqueness is that it is located in the heart of a lake with steep rocky shores. Until 1890, it was a geyser up to 91 active meters, and a collapse of the fireplace transformed it into a simple hot spring. From the 14 to 16 September 1985, it erupted again, reaching 9 meters high on average, for a period of 2 minutes at intervals of 5-66 minutes.
Excelsior formed in the center of a picturesque lake, at almost 100 feet up clouds of steam enveloped the fountain of hot water. Once it was very "ripped", leaving a large crater, which is now quietly smoking. If we consider that it is filled with colored, unreal water , the sight of it is impressive. Even during the rest, the geyser water surface of the lake is worried for there is a swell. Clouds of steam are often seen above the lake. Suddenly from the center of a quiet lake ,just up the stream of water, you can see a small height. As you climb higher and higher there is amplified hum and noise, ringing, it seems, from the ground. Suddenly the whole lake, as it was, flies in the air in the form of a huge column of water, with a diameter from 8 to 10 m of the vapor cloud envelop the fountain and climb to an altitude of 300 m.
The eruption is accompanied by a roar and a whistle. The underground explosions are heard , your feet are trembling. Stones are rising in the air from the bottom of the lake. There are other, smaller, high jets of water too. All active geysers place gradually enveloping the tight pairs. This continues for some time, after which all these phenomena are gradually reduced. The stones fall to the ground, the explosions become quieter and finally disappear altogether. Thunder, thunder whistles gradually subside. The jets of water are losing their height, then all stop and start the period of rest. It's frightening, but the beautiful phenomenon of nature cannot always be seen. Excelsior erupts infrequently. The last eruption happened a few years ago.
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Others from The Most Impressive Geysers on the Earth
Geysers are one of the manifestations of later stages of volcanism , and common areas of modern volcanic activity provided by hydrogeological conditions.
Being an intermittent hot water spring and vapor, volcanic, throwing water at regular intervals, to the sea lifting time form of a column, a geyser occurs if the activity of a volcano is at a late stage.
Large assets of geysers in the world are few , but they are of a rare beauty and fascination.
They are a pride and remarkable natural phenomena for the states where they are situated .
No matter what shape, cone-like or like fountains, geysers are rare as they need an almost perfect balance of heat and water conditions and the right rock and channeling.
Best spots of geysers in the world There are few best spots of geysers in the world.
There are only about a thousand geysers in the world situated on some major geothermal areas with geysers force on the Earth: Yellowstone Plateau in the U.
(where it is concentrated about half of all existing geysers), Iceland, New Zeeland( 58 geysers), Kamchatka, Chile, Papua New Guinea ( 38 active geysers), Indonesia( Sumatra Island – 17 geysers), Eastern Africa ( 6 geysers), China ( 10 geysers), Japan ( 4 geysers), Ethiopia and Kenya( very few).
Europeans first learned about the Icelandic geysers in the thirteenth century.
Yellowstone geysers were far from the civilized world until of the first decade of the nineteenth century.
John Colter ‘s stories were perceived as nonsense for too long time.
It took more than fifty years, unless specific expedition with the participation of artists and photographers convinced people of the existence of the world's largest geyser fields in the super-giant caldera of the dormant.
In 1872, Yellowstone geysers were under the protection of the world's first national park.
In 1850, a missionary from R.
Taylor became aware of the geysers in New Zealand.
It was only in 1941 that is only recently in historical terms, has been committed by one of the last great geographical discoveries on the planet.
Ustinova and the conductor Alexander Krupenin, apparently, were the first humans to set foot on the shore of the river called Geyser.
What threatens the geysers? How long do they live? In some parts of the world geothermal geysers are simply former constructions.
In the 19th century , New Zealand North Island had five major geyser fields, which erupted about 220 geysers, now it has only 58 geysers, some of them quite small.
The reasons for the disappearance of New Zealand's geysers are different : natural disasters (volcanic eruption of Tarawera, changes on the groundwater levels), the drilling for the construction of thermal power plants, flooding during the construction of hydroelectric power.
The most powerful geyser on the Earth , Waimangu existed in New Zealand from 1899 to 1904.
With each eruption, it threw about 800 tons of water and trapped many jet stones raised by half a kilometer high.
There are even cases of death, found themselves too close to the erupting from the giant.
But Waimangu stopped working due to the lower water levels in the nearby lake.
Geysers are valuable destinations in the world.
A fascinating circuit where you can live unforgettable moments is visiting spectacular attractions such as the mysterious geysers.
They offer fascinating landscapes where majestic volcanoes and impressive lava formations are found together.
If you are a geyser fan, we offer a selection of the most beautiful and largest geysers in the world.