Destinations / The best cities to visit in the world / New York-the city of political freedom and most economical potential in the world
No place embodies the world’s notion of political freedom and economical potential as the city of New York does. New York is the most populous city in the U.S.A. with one of the most popular suburban areas in the world. It has the status of the largest city in the United States since 1790 and it is also the first state capital city where George Washington's appointment as the first President of the United States was. For more than a century New York city was one of the major world centers of commerce and finance.
New York is also considered one of the most important cities in the world because of its global influence in media, education, entertainment, art and fashion. The city is also a major center for foreign affairs, hosting the United Nations headquarters that’s why it is also an important international border. The city is often referred to as the New York City, to differentiate it from the State of New York, where it is. The city is situated on the territory of a large natural harbor on the Atlantic coast and the Northeast part of the United States. The city is composed of five areas: Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and the Staten Island. New York was founded by the Dutch as a trading settlement in 1624 and it was called New Amsterdam until 1664,when it came under British control. New York was the capital of the United States in 1785-1790-ies. Since 1790, New York City is the largest city in the U.S.A.
Many places in the city are known all over the world. The Statue of Liberty has welcomed millions of immigrants who arrived in America in the late XIX - early XX century. The Wall Street in the lower part of Manhattan is the world's largest financial center since World War II. Here is the New York Stock Exchange. New York city is the place of the highest buildings in the world, the Empire State Building and the twin towers of the World Trade Center. New York is the city where many cultural trends, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art, abstract expressionism (also known as the School of New York) in painting, and hip-hop, punk, salsa, disco in the music were born. It is home to the famous Broadway Theater. New York stands out among other U.S.A. cities because of the high use of public transport, which usually runs 24 hours a day thanks to the high density and the wide variety of people. In 2005,almost 170 languages were spoken in the city. New York is called "the city that never sleeps", but it has other nicknames too as Gotem and the Big Apple. New Yorkers have their own peculiarities, which is called the New York dialect, the Americans also often referred to Brooklynese or New Yorkese. It is believed that this dialect is one of the most understandable. The classic version of this dialect changed in the course of the working and middle class descendants of Europeans.
The non-European immigrants’ effect made their changes. New York is the world of television, advertising, music, newspaper and a book center and it is the largest media market in North America as well. Seven of the eight largest advertising agencies in the world have their headquarters in New York. Three of the "Big Four" record companies are also located in New York. One-third of the American independent films were shot in New York. More than 200 newspapers and 350 magazines have offices in the city and only in the book industry about 25,000 people are employed.
Two of the three national daily newspapers are available in the United States, New York: The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times. From among the big tabloids there are The New York Daily News and The New York Post, founded in 1801 by Alexander Hamilton. The city also has the press in foreign languages, 270 magazines that issue articles in more than 40 languages. The daily newspaper El Diario La Prensa is the largest and the oldest Spanish daily newspaper. The New York Amsterdam News, issued in Harlem is an African-American newspaper. The Village Voice is the largest alternative newspaper. New York is also a major center for non-commercial television. The oldest TV provider in the U.S.A. is Manhattan Neighborhood Network, founded in 1971. WNET is the largest television station in the city and the first provider of WNYC in the city. The radio station was owned by the city until 1997, with the largest audience in the U.S.A . Broadcast and other highly specialized channels such as direct broadcast Emmy Awards, as well as programs of local character, relating to culture, music, and city management take place in New York.
How to get in New York
If you plan to visit New York you may come by air. The main and the largest airport of the city is the International Airport John F. Kennedy. New York can also be reached through the airports La Guardia and New Ark, located in New Jersey. You may come by train too. In New York there are two railway stations: The Grand Central Terminal and the Pennsylvania Station. The Grand Central Terminal is at the average of Manhattan at the intersection of East 42 th Street and Park Avenue. You arrive at the station where the train traffic and the train company Metro-North Railroad, connect New York with the cities of New York , the county Westchester, Putnam and Duchess and Connecticut, the Fairfield County and New Haven. The Pennsylvania Station is the biggest station in New York. The station is located at the intersection of 8 th Avenue and 31 th Street in Manhattan average.
Summers are usually humid and hot with average maximum temperatures of 26-29 ° C and with a minimum of 17-21 ° C, although they can exceed 32 ° C on average 16-19 days each summer and more than 38 ° C every 4-6 years. In general, the weather in New York in the summer favors the study of the city. Winters are cold, although the wind to some extent reduces the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. Because of the proximity of the Atlantic Ocean the weather in New York is much warmer than in the interior of the country on the same latitude, such as in Chicago or in Pittsburgh.
The average temperature in January which is the coldest month is of 0 ° C. However, in some days the temperature can drop to -12 ° C, and in some cases up to 10-15 ° C. Spring and autumn are unstable, from cool weather to the heat, although as a rule at this time the climate is mild with low humidity. About 1.260 mm of rainfall falls in New York every year and they are evenly distributed throughout the year. About 62 cm of snow falls in winter, but snow varies considerably from year to year as it usually does not stay long. Volcanoes and tropical storms are very rare in New York, but we cannot say that they do not exist.
The public transport in New York includes the subway, buses, cable cars on the island of Roosevelt and the ferry to the Staten Island. Unlike other major cities, the public transport is the most popular way to travel. About every third user of public transport in the United States and two-thirds of users of the railway live in New York and its suburbs.
This strongly differentiates it from the rest of the country, where about 90% of commuters use their own cars as a means of transport to go to their workplace. New York is the only city in the United States, where more than half of households have no car. According to U.S. Census Bureau, New Yorkers spend an average of 38.4 minutes per day in order to get to their workplace. New York has an extensive network of bus routes, which daily transports more than 2 million passengers. Bus network in New York include more than 200 local and 30 express routes, which employ more than 5,900 buses. Each route has a number and a letter prefix designating the area in which it begins (B - Brooklyn, Bx - Bronx, M - Manhattan, Q - Queen, S - Staten Island), and high-speed routes are marked with a prefix of X. New York metro area includes 486 stations on 26 routes and it is the longest in the world, having a length of 1,355 km. It is noteworthy that 40% of the way and a third station is located on the surface and located at ground level or on overpasses. The first subway line New York was opened in 1870, privately held company BRT.
Until 1932 the metro was privately owned, and later it was owned by two companies: BRT and IRT. Then it was added to the municipal company, which in 1940 bought both private and united city subway in the household of a single complex. Metro stations are located in four of the five New York City boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens and Bronx. Except for some routes, Metro operates round the clock, carrying some four million people per day. In 1976 a cable car connecting Manhattan and Roosevelt Island was running. The road has a length of 940 m and two stations. There are two airports in New York. They are located outside the city, in the borough of Queens on Long Island. One of them is on the southern outskirts of Queens, the second is on the north, both in the Atlantic waters. The Kennedy Airport is a major airport in New York. LaGuardia Airport is used primarily for flights within the U.S.A. It was named after a famous person in the United States - New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia.
New York has five districts: Manhattan, Brooklyn Kings, Queens , Bronx and Staten Island Richmond. Bronx is the Northern District of New York, where the Yankee Stadium is, the base of the club New York Yankees and the largest cooperative housing complex in the U.S., Co-op City. Except the small particles of Manhattan at Marble Hill, Bronx is the only regional town, located on the mainland. Here is the Bronx Zoo, the largest urban zoo in the U.S. with an area of 265 acres (1.07 km ²) and 6,000 animals. Bronx is the birthplace of rap and hip-hop. Manhattan is the most densely populated area, where most of the city's skyscrapers are situated. Manhattan is the place of Central Park as well. It is the financial center of the city, and there are offices of many major corporations, the UN, as well as major universities and many cultural venues, including museums, theaters, Broadway, Greenwich Village, Madison Square Garden .
Manhattan is divided into Lower, Middle and Upper regions. Upper Manhattan is divided by Central Park into two parts : the Upper East Side and the Upper West Side, where Harlem park is. . Brooklyn is the most populated district of the city and up to 1898, it was a separate city. Brooklyn is known for its cultural, social and ethnic diversity, its own art, various neighborhoods and magnificent architectural heritage. It is also the only region in addition to Manhattan with the business side. The district has many beaches, including Coney Island , which became the first amusement park in the U.S. in 1870. Queens is the most geographically extensive area of New York and the most ethnically diverse county in the U.S.A. Historically the county appeared as a series of small towns and villages.
This is the only large county in the U.S., where the average income of African Americans is above the average income of white Americans and reaches $ 52,000 a year. Every year the U.S. open tennis tournament takes place in Queens. Two of the three major airports serving New York and its suburbs, LaGuardia Airport, John F. Kennedy International Airport and Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey are here. Staten Island is a suburban area. Staten Island is associated with the Brooklyn Bridge with Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and Manhattan with the Staten Island Ferry. Railway Staten Island is one of the most popular tourist destinations in New York because you can enjoy the excellent types of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island and lower Manhattan. Located in the heart of Staten Island, 25 km from the Greenbelt, the island is at about 56 km walking paths and it is one of the last intact forests in the city. Appointed in 1984 to protect the green zone, Greenbelt combines seven city parks. The walking trail along the South Beach, 4 km in length is the fourth longest in the world.
Tourism is very developed in New York. Approximately 47 million foreigners and American tourists visit New York annually. The most popular places are the Empire State Building, the Ellis Island, the Broadway theaters, such museums as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the American Museum of Natural History and other tourist attractions including Central Park, Washington Square Park, Rockefeller Center, the Times Square, the Bronx Zoo, the New York Botanical Garden, the shopping centers along the 50 th and Madison Avenue and activities such as parade Helluin in the Greenwich Village, the Tribeca Film Festival, and free performances at the Summer Stage Central Park. The Statue of Liberty is the most popular and one of the most recognizable symbols of the United States. Many ethnic townships, such as Jackson Heights , Flushing , and Brighton Beach are the largest shopping centers for Americans that grew up in the West Bank. The Rockfeller Center was built by the Rockfellers. It is a collection of 19 buildings in Midtown Manhattan in a unique art-deco style. The place is very nicely decorated during Christmas with a huge Christmas tree that attracts lots of visitors.
The iconic skyscrapers
New York is most often associated with skyscrapers. In August 2008, New York had 5,538 high-rise buildings, 50 of them were real skyscrapers over 200 meters, surrounded mostly by water and with a high population density. That’s why the city was forced to place offices in high multi-storey buildings. Many architectural valuable structures represent different styles in New York. The Woolworth Building, 1913, is a skyscraper in early Gothic, towering several hundred feet up. The grandeur of the cityscape is best viewed from above. This creates a breathtaking panorama instantly recognizable worldwide. A resolution in 1916 demanded to stop the further construction of skyscrapers to allow light to penetrate into the streets of the city. Narrows at the top and steel made meets the requirements of the resolution. Many historians and architects call it the most remarkable buildings in New York.
New York has about 110 km2 of municipal parks and 23 miles of public beaches. This area is increased at the expense of recreational zone’s areas such as the Gateway National Recreational Area. Manhattan’s Central Park, designed in the middle of the 19th century by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux is the most visited city park in the United States with 30 million visitors annually, with 10 million visitors more than the Lincoln Park in Chicago, that is the second-ranked . The Prospect Park in Brooklyn, where Olmsted and Vaux worked, has an area of 360,000 m2. The Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in Queens is the third largest in the city. About one fifth of the Bronx district, 28 km, has open green spaces and parks, including the Van Cortland Park, the Pelham Bay Park, the Bronx Zoo and the New York Botanical Gardens where visitors can relax and enjoy outdoor.
What to do in New York
The city is an important center of entertainment and performing arts. It is the place where American film industry develops. “Manhattan”, 1920, is a film in the early avant-garde style, shot in New York. Today the city is the second center in the U.S. film industry. More than 2,000 cultural organizations and more than 500 art galleries of all sizes are in the city. The city government provides more money for art than the National Endowment for the Arts. Rich businessmen in the XIX century built a network of cultural institutions, including Carnegie Hall and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, recognized all over the world. The emergence of electric light allowed to expand theaters, and in 1880, theaters in New York on Broadway and 42 th Street began to show their own plays, which in consequence became known as the Broadway musical. " Thirty nine large theaters in the city are known as "Broadway" and are named after the journey, crossing Times Square. This place is also often called the Main Stem, The Great White Way or The Realto. On Times Square you can see massive digital billboards which bright lights make midnight look like afternoon. The Lincoln Center is responsible for the Performing Arts in the world-class cultural institutions. The City Opera House (Metropolitan Opera), the New York City Opera, the New York Philharmonic, the New York City Ballet, the Vivian Beaumont Theatre, the Juilliard School and Alice Tully Hall are the largest performing centers in the U.S.A. Free performances and concerts are given on the summer stage in Central Park and theatrical productions take place in all five boroughs in the summer months.
In recent years, New York received the status of one of the most fashionable capitals of the world in which shopping was elevated to the rank of art. Sure, everybody dreams of walking on the Manhattan and on the 5th Avenue to get another exclusive shoes. In New York there is a huge variety of shops: from the chic boutiques of famous international brands to small shops with the works of young designers, from huge department stores clothing up to Giants trade network and studiosewing . It is important to remember a few things that will make shopping in the Big Apple "even more enjoyable. Any goods in New York is taxed, which should be added to the price of goods to get the final cost. Sales in New York are something common. They occur throughout the year on a particular occasion. If you have gathered in the city of temptations in the summer, by all means you will get a summer sale. If you come at Christmas there will also be discounts. But those who moved to New York in other seasons should not be upset! Often stores sell range due to the closure and things are obscenely cheap. In addition, if you decide to save considerably - look in the stores racks with discounted merchandise. Particularly if the goods are expensive, a discount may be required when buying a lot of things. Of course, boutiques and shopping malls in New York are not as in a bazaar, but sellers are willing to take off 10-15%, if they see your interest in the goods and doubts about the price.
Food and Drinks
The kitchen in New York is developed under the influence of immigrants and it is very diverse. Western European and Italian immigrants brought the loaves, tortillas with cheese and pizza. Approximately 4,000 licensed food vendors, many of which are immigrants prepare Middle Eastern cuisine, such as kebab, which today can often be seen on the streets of New York, even though hot dogs are still popular. There are many expensive restaurants which present various world cuisines, in particular, Italian, French, Spanish, German, Russian, English, Greek, Moroccan, Chinese, Indian, Japanese and local cuisine. An interesting fact is that New York City is supplied with drinking water from protected reservoirs in Catskill Mountains. As a result of the natural process of water purification, New York is the fourth largest city in the U.S.A, where the water is clean enough so that it can be drunk without additional processing. Many scientific studies conducted in the city were devoted to medicine and life. In New York there are a number of students who obtained the social professions than any other American city. In particular, there are 40,000 physicians and 127 Nobel laureates.
Since 2005, the city has the lowest crime rate among the 25 largest cities in the U.S.A. It declined significantly after peaking in 1980 - early 1990's when there were a lot of thefts. By 2002, the level of crime in New York coincided with the Provo and Utah. New York was on 197 highest number of crimes among 216 U.S.A. cities with a population over 100 000 people. The level of violent crime in New York declined with more than 75% in 1993-2005 and continued to decline, while across the country, this level increased. In 2005, the homicide rate reached the lowest level since 1966, and in 2007 there were fewer than 500 murders for the first time in the history of statistics in New York since 1963. Sociologists and criminologists have not reached agreement, explaining the reason for the sharp reduction of crime. Some believe that this is the result of the New York police,others have called an end to the cause of demographic change. Organized crime has long been associated with New York, from Forty Thieves and the Roach Guards, in the 1820-ies. and ending with the Mafia in the XX century under the guidance of the Five Families. These gangsters, as the Black Spades, also appeared at the end of XX century.
There are many hotels in New York. The selection of the hotel depends on the purposes of the travelers arrived in New York. If you study modern art in the galleries of Chelsea, it is reasonable to live there. If, however, you go to New York for the museums or with your children, it makes sense to settle in a quiet location close to Central Park, for example, in the Upper West Side. Whatever the benefits of buying did not involve New York, rely on cheap accommodation here is not worth it. The city has a large number of comfortable hotels, where tourists can relax from their daily adventures and the many new impressions. The proposal amounts to about 59,000 hotel rooms, but mostly they are priced higher than average. Hotels in the luxury category rooms offer a luxurious furniture, large comfortable beds, televisions (in the same room and often in the bathroom), equipped with satellite TV, high-quality telephone service, the use of fax and Internet access.
Breakfast in the room is extremely rare, although many of the rooms have such appliances as a refrigerator, stove, microwave, a washing machine and a dishwasher. Many hotels offer guests their own fitness centers, but because of the need for the rational use of space, only a few have swimming pools. In case of staying at the hotel for a week or more, the customer can count on special rates. For example, there are hotels, targeted mainly on business. For families, it is a good opportunity to save on condition of residence in a more spacious and comfortable rooms, possibly even multi-room. Regardless of the pricing agreement, at the end of the period of stay in the room rate will be added local sales tax, which currently stands at 13.25%. Advantage to the bill can become and telephone calls from your room. Also, you need to keep in mind that each staff is waiting for you to tip.
Most of the best hotels are located in midtown Manhattan, between Third - Seventh Avenue and 40 th - 60 th Streets. The most fashionable are located in the north of 59 th street on the Upper East Side, next to the famous museums and galleries. Theater fans, no doubt, will also appreciate the well-known hotel is located on Broadway between 42 th and 57 th Streets. All of them are close to Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center and the major theaters. Settle comfortably and at a reasonable price can be in Murray Hill, a quiet neighborhood east of Fifth Avenue between 34 th and 42 th Streets. An important element in New York City hotel is a guest appearance here, even from tourists will expect elegance and style. After 18 hours in a restaurant or bar, even men can appear only in suits, women in dresses. Dressed in beachwear customers are likely to encounter cold, or even be completely ignored. You may be asked to leave the hotel if you behave particularly challenging.
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