Budapest has often been called the "Paris of the East", "Delta Wedding" or "Pearl of the Danube" and is the most important rail hub in Central Europe, served by trains from all parts of Europe. Budapest has a complex identity, somewhere between Western luxury and simple traditions. Has a troubled history and an exceptional cultural heritage. It has sumptuous parks, broad streets and an outstanding industrial development.
The first written attestation of Pest dates from 1148, the city is built on the ruins Contraaquincum site. XIII century cities are starting to bloom, but this is off the Mongol invasion of 1241, when both were burned. King Béla IV rebuilt the two cities. He moved the capital to Óbuda. He built a stone fortress resistance against the Mongol invasion of 1285. The city is known worldwide in 1279, when you Synod of Buda.
In 1526 the Turks conquered Buda, the Hungarian diet was moved to Pozsony - Bratislava today. In the 145 years of Turkish domination most bathrooms are built in the city, and Gul Baba's tomb, which is a place of pilgrimage today for Turks and Arabs.
There followed years of Communism, no matter when no local interest, Budapest became the 20th "district" of Hungary. The 10 sectors created the union of the three towns were developed in 14 sectors in 1930 and in 1950, when they were included towns and suburban - that formed large Budapest - sectors reaching number 22.
1980 brought the city an underground political movement, which the dictatorship, weak, He would overlook. At the end of the decade, Hungary, among the first Eastern European countries, has replaced the communist regime with a democratic government. Budapest Mayor Gabor Demszky was that continued development of the city, which had been suspended for nearly a century. On June 30, 1991, in Hungary withdrew the last Soviet military formations. The event is commemorated every year on the last weekend of June, as patron of Budapest.
Today the capital Budapest shows a reborn, full of monuments and ancient buildings. Land left empty since the time of war were built banks and modern office, but took care of their buildings aspect of combining the early twentieth century or earlier. Renaissance feel and the theaters, baths, museums, libraries, parks, street crossings, public transportation, but also on health and social institutions. Less visible is the development of infrastructure, but it also has points visible, the new bridges on the Danube. For tourist eye visible and reopening or renovating historic cafes and restaurants of the years 1880-1910, or art galleries, theaters.
By Maria Morari
The best budget city to visit in Europe .
Budapest - Matthias Church
Budapest - Royal Palace
Budapest - General view of Royal Palace
Budapest - Nagy Vasarcsarnok
Budapest - Margaret Island
Budapest - Istvan Basilica
Budapest - Fisherman's Bastion
Budapest - Castle Hill
Budapest - Budapest view at night
Budapest - Parliament Building view
Budapest - Danube river
Budapest - Parliament Building
Budapest - Andrassy Avenue