Saint Basil's Cathedral - one of the brightest and most famous monuments of ancient architecture. Already in the 16 th century the cathedral fascinated travelers and guests of Moscow, and for the Russians became a symbol of national history and national character. In 1552 to commemorate the victory of troops of Ivan the Terrible in the war for the conquest of Kazan and Astrakhan Khanate was founded a church, consecrated in honor of the Holy Trinity. In 1554 Ivan the Terrible ordered to build in its place the Cathedral of the Virgin chapel, commemorating the victory over the Tartars.
There is a legend that says that when Ivan the Terrible saw the project of the cathedral, was so impressed by its beauty that he ordered architects that they could not build such a temple anywhere else, which is equal in beauty Pokrovsky Cathedral. St. Basil's Cathedral is a balanced ensemble of eight churches around the ninth - the highest - the temple, crowned with a tent. The central church is dedicated to the Protection of the Mother of God - this day Kazan was taken by storm. In general, the cathedral creates a sense of festivity and elegance. Until the end of 17 century, when the Kremlin was not built the bell tower of Ivan the Great, St. Basil's Cathedral was the tallest building in Moscow.
In total, in St. Basil's Cathedral are located about 400 icons, ages 16-19centuries, representing the best examples of Novgorod and Moscow icon painting school. The walls of the cathedral are decorated with frescoes and oil paintings 16-19 centuries. Among the most valuable exhibits - the 17th century chalice that belonged to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. In the mid 20-ies of the 20 th century St. Basil's Cathedral was granted the status of the museum. Since 1934, it is a part of branches of the State Historical Museum.
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If you are addicted to history, culture and unbelievable emotions, you should definitely visit Russia.