Total area: 756,950 km2
Population: 17,094,270(2010 estimate)
Currency : Peso (CLP)
Official language(s): Spanish
Capital: Santiago de Chile
Governement: Unitary Presidential Republic
Internet TLD: .cl
Calling code: +56
A landscape as diverse as in Chile is described in folklore sources: "When God gave a glance to the world he had created in seven days, he decided that some elements are still missing: volcanoes, tropical forests, deserts, fjords, rivers and ice. He charged angels to gather them all behind the mountains. These mountains were the Andes Mountains -Chile and this is the way how the most diverse country on earth was born".
In 2005, tourism industry has increased due to the increasing number of international tourists. Improvement of global economy and reduction of terrorist attacks have led to an increase in tourism opportunities, in general. Chile bases on the unique and varied nature, its reputation for stability and security and the government efforts to promote tourism to attract as many tourists as possible.
The main tourist attractions in Chile are: Chiloe, Easter Island, the seaside resorts Iquique, La Serena, Laguna San Rafael National Park, Cementerio General –a small town with the tombs of the most important people in Chilean history, El Tatio Geysers, Farellones / El Colorado - the most famous ski resort in Chile, Isla Negra - Pablo Neruda's famous house, now a museum, not an island; the Moai – statues formed from volcanic ash on Easter Island, Palacio Cousino - Cousino-Goyenechea family palace, Lauca and Torres del Paine National Parks, Puerto Montt, San Pedro de Atacama.
To visit Santiago and Middle Chile, the best time is spring (September to November) and from February to April; to visit the south, the best time is summer (December-March). Atacama Desert can be visited throughout the year. For skiers, the best time is winter (September-July).
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