The Potala Palace is a palace-fortress of the seventeenth century Dzong, located in Lhasa, on the hill Marpari ("red hill") the center of Lhasa Valley. Including a "White Palace" and "Red Palace", and their ancillary buildings, the building embodies the union of spiritual and temporal power and their respective roles in the administration of Tibet. Built by the fifth Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso (1617-1682), including the palace was the principal residence of successive Dalai Lamas until the flight of the fourteenth Dalai Lama to India after the uprising against the military China in 1959. Today, the fourteenth Dalai Lama lives in Dharamsala in northern India and the palace became a museum of the People's Republic of China.
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