Nothing is so glorified for France as her wines. The vine is here almost everywhere: on the hillsides, the facades of houses, in the verses of poets, in the hearts of French winemakers ... The first vines appeared in France in the VI - VII centuries BC. Already in the XII century French wines have received international acclaim and were exported abroad. Fashion for French wines prevailed in Europe and beyond for long 700 years. Today no one can deny the primacy of France - a country that gave the world the greatest number of great wines.
France has unique conditions for growing grapes. This is the biggest country in Europe (which occupies 1 / 5 of the entire European Union) is characterized by an incredible diversity of landscape and scenery, which change every 75 miles. Due next to the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea - in the south-east France, blending of marine and continental climate, which suggests the presence of a great variety of microclimates. Found here the climatic and soil conditions, as well as the variety of grape varieties can produce a wide range of wines and spirits (cognac, armagnac, liqueur), enjoy an excellent reputation throughout the world.
Conventionally, the vineyards of France can be divided into three parts. The first - on the Atlantic coast, from the Loire Valley and Bordeaux through the western Pyrenees, where the Atlantic climate. Gulf Stream, it softens, but the rains brought by westerly winds, the problem is constant. In the second part, on the Loire, mesoclimates and well-drained soil - indispensable conditions for a decent wine. In Bordeaux (third part), although Landskie pine forests and retracted to a lot of rainfall, well-drained gravel ridges are vital for the maturation of great Cabernet Sauvignon. These factors act in the areas up the rivers Dordogne, Lot, Tarn and Garonne, gradually weakening and giving way to the east of Toulouse Mediterranean influences.
The variety of soil and climatic conditions predetermined colorful palette of grape varieties, which has long and successfully cultivated in France. Pinot Noir and Chardonnay from Burgundy, assemblage of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot from Bordeaux have become a kind of benchmark for the global wine market. These varieties are grown in every wine region, but it is at home, they exhibit all the beauty and completeness of their qualities.
There are 15 regions in France, of which each is unique and produces original and unique wines. French wines are infinitely varied, but they all produced in 15 wine-producing regions, which, in turn, subdivided into numerous districts.
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