In the early 19th century, Alexanderplatz was one of the most troubled markets of the entire Berlin. Since the Middle Ages, Alexanderplatz was at the center and Reunification, the market has become a main point of interest and an important tourist attraction. In the distant past was called Ochsenmarkt market or bull market, but in 1805, after a visit to the Russian Tsar Alexander I, was renamed to Alexanderplatz. Berliners refer to this market using a name easier to pronounce - "Alex".
The vast majority of buildings around the market were destroyed by Allied bombing during the Second World War. After the war became the center of East Berlin and was used as a model of socialist architecture. The result was a series of massive buildings, simplistic and a giant television tower.
Fernsehturm or TV tower called Tele-spargel (toothpick) is one of the largest structures in Europe. Total length to tip is 365 feet. It was built in 1969 by a team of architects with the help of Swedish experts. The entire structure is made of concrete tower, a metal-plated steel sphere and a TV antenna. Sphere contains rotating restaurant (Telecafe) situated at 207 meters intaltime an observation platform located at a height of 203 meters.
In 1969 two more monuments were added Alexander Square: Weltzeituhr (World Clock) by Erich John and the Fountain of Friendship of Peoples. The clock shows the name of several cities in different time zones. In 1997, when the clock was restored, a number of cities that had been ignored for political reasons were added. These include Jerusalem, St Petersburg and Cape Town.In peak time there is a simplified model of the solar system.
Fountain of Friendship of Peoples is a well circuses with a width of 23 meters. The center fountain is a modern structure consisting of a series of ponds through which water flows. Well, a protected monument, was restored in 2002.
Alexanderplatz was known as one of the least attractive markets in terms of architecture so that the city Berlin held a competition for architects in order to re-arrange this market. The competition was won by Hans Kohloff - one of the architects of modern markets called Potsdamer Platz. Re-decorating plan resulted in a complete change and renewal or reconstruction of the market but the surrounding buildings.
By Maria Morari
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