The Taj Mahal, which means Crown Palace is located in Agra, near the Yamuna River in the State of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is a white marble mausoleum built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Arjumand Banu Begam, also known as Mumtaz Mahal, which in Persian means "the light of the palace." She died June 17, 1631, giving birth to their fourteenth child while she went to the country. It is a first burial place in the garden to Zainabad Burhampur. Following his death on January 31, 1666, her husband was buried beside her.
Construction began in 1631. However, there remains uncertainty about the exact date of completion. The official chronicler of Shah Jahan, Abdul Hamid Lahori indicates that the Taj Mahal was completed in late 1643 or early 1644. But at the main entrance an inscription indicating that the construction was completed in 1648. The State of Uttar Pradesh, which has officially celebrated the 350th anniversary of the building in 2004, said meanwhile that the work was completed in 1654. Among the 20 000 people who worked on the site, there are master craftsmen from Europe and Central Asia. The main architect was Usad Ahmad of Lahore. On July 7, 2007, the famous monument has been designated as one of the seven new wonders of the world.
By Maria Morari
The best places to visit in India .
Taj Mahal - Marvellous Temple of Love
Taj Mahal - Taj Mahal at sunset
Taj Mahal - Taj Mahal view at dawn
Taj Mahal - Taj Mahal view
Taj Mahal - Side view
Taj Mahal - General view of the mausoleum