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The Best Places to Visit in Samarkand -> Destinations

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About The Best Places to Visit in Samarkand

                                                                         “Everything I have heard about the beauty of Samarkand is true –                                                                                    except that it is even more beautiful than I could have imagined.”                                                                                                                                               Alexander the Great, 329 BC

 

Among the cities of the world, one of the most ancient is Samarkand, which is more than 2750 years old. There are many legends surrounding its history. Its praises have been sung by the writers and poets of old. It has been the home of great scholars and architects, whose works still stand in all their glory to delight and amaze us. Like other great centers of the ancient world, such as Babylon, Thebes and Rome, Samarkand has a rich and turbulent past. In the 4th century BC it was conquered by Alexander the Great and his Greek troops. At the beginning of the 13th century the city experienced the invasion of the barbaric hordes of Genghis Khan whose savage hordes annihilated its population, pillaged its treasure and reduced the city to the heap of ruins. It looked as though the city was about to enter a long period of decline, but by the latter or the 13th century it had recovered to such an extent, that the Venetian explorer Marco Polo described it as “a very large and impressive city”. In the late 14th century the Central Asian conqueror Timur (Tamerlan) designed to make Samarkand the capital of his great empire adorned with buildings of unsurpassed splendor, elegance and luxury. Skillful architects and masons, artists and artisans were brought here from the conquered lands and the construction was launched on a scale that had never been known before. It was then that the most famous buildings of the city were erected. Very considerable construction work was also carried on under Ulugbek, Timur’s grandson, who was both an eminent ruler and scholar, the author of astronomic tables known throughout the world. Under Ulugbek more magnificent buildings were erected. There are a lot of historical monuments in Samarkand, well known all over the world: the Shah-i-Zinda Ensemble, Gur-Emir Mausoleum, the Registan Square, Bibi Khanym Mosque, the Ulug Bek Observatory. A lot of tourists from different countries visit Samarkand and its famous monuments, which are dazzled. Samarkand , the fabled city on the Silk Road, the capital of the conquerors and the Romantic poets to the monastery, still shines as the brightest star among the historical and the cultural centers of the modern world. Today Samarkand is a place where is carefully preserved the unique spirit of antiquity. A special combination of its rich monumental and amazing diversity of its cultural traditions make an impression on visitors.


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Registan Square

In times of Temur, the Square became the center of Samarkand. It heralds proclaimed the will of Khan, calling people sounds copper pipes. There were public executions, and they celebrated the beginning of the successful end of war. The emperor marched victoriously over the area, returning from countries capturing treasures, slaves, and the heads of enemies, put on a spear. The first and the most important - Ulugbek Madras...

Maturidi

In the old part of Samarkand is situated the place of worship Maturidi . Abu Mansur al-Maturidi was one of the first theoreticians of Islam. He immortalized his name as the creator of the teachings of the philosophical foundations of Muslim faith. This received doctrine was subsequently called " Maturidi " become very popular. The fundamental studies of Al-Maturidi in ...

Gur-Emir Mausoleum

In 1404, the favorite grandson of Amir Timur, Sultan Muhammad, who was to inherit the throne after the death of Tamerlane suddenly died. Temur was desperated and ordered to build a beautiful mausoleum in Samarkand for him. For himself, he prepared a humble tomb in his hometown Shahrisabse. A year later, Timur died on the way home from China and according to some records, because of mountain roads and snow, he was buried in the luxurious Gur Emir mau...

Тashkent

From the Registan Square begins one of the most ancient streets of Samarkand - Tashkent . In ancient times it was one of the most important caravan routes linking Samarkand to the Tashkent oasis, the Ferghana Valley, China. This street has always been a centre of trade since the time of Amir Temur. No wonder the very beginning, the walls of the Sher-Dor have been a shopping mall Chorsu, built in the XVIII century. Bibi Khanum and Si...

Ulugbek Observatory

The Uzbekistan astronomer of the Middle Ages ordered the construction of the Ulugbek Observatory in Samarkand in 1928. It was a huge cylindrical structure with a height of 30 meters and 46 meters in diameter. The amazingly accurate location of the meridian provides an unprecedented accuracy of dimensions, which was not equal to that of Galileo who invented the telescope. Ulugbek and his colleagues invented...

Rukhabad

One of the earliest surviving buildings in Samarkand epoch of Amir Temur is the Rukhabad tomb . It was built in the eighties of the XIV century precisely on the same axis as the tomb of Amir Temur, they connected the luxurious shady alley paved with marble slabs. The mausoleum was erected over the burial of the famous mystic Samarkand, Sheikh Burkhaniddin Sagardzhi. The name of the mausoleum Rukhabad is " Abode...

Hazrat-Hyzr Mosque

The Hazrat-Hyzr Mosque is situated on the Tashkent street, on the hill, opposite Kusama ibn Abbas. The building was constructed in 1823 and according to an old document it is included in a single complex with mazar Kusama ibn Abbas, and was even associated with the road. The architecture of the mosque belongs to the so-called avian type of building, popular in the nineteenth century. In 1854, the previous...

The Mausoleum of Imam al-Bukhari

In the village Khortang, twelve kilometers away from Samarkand, is one of the shrines of the Muslim world – the Memorial Complex of Imam al-Bukhari . The prominent Sunni scholar theologian Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail Abu Abdallah al-Bukhari went down in history as the author of the second largest after the Quran Islamic book - a collection of the most authentic hadith, " Al-Sahih al Zhomi . " He...

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Successful trips to India, prompted by Timur thought to build a mosque to surpass all the parameters of the mosques of the world, praising his empire forever. Hundreds of architects, artists and builders were brought to Samarkand. The construction lasted five years (1399-1404) and at the return of the military campaign of Timur the mosque was found finished. Bibi Khanum was referred to as the eldest wife of...

Shahi Zinda (Tomb of the Living King)

The unique ancient monument can be found in the south-eastern slopes of the ancient ruins of Afrasiab. Remember it was built, almost all of the 25-century history of the city. The name originates from its holy relics - a group of cool and quiet rooms which are believed to be the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad's cousin, Kusama ibn-Abbas. He was one of those who preached Islam in the area and later the complex h...


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