Mecca or Makkah, nicknamed the "mother of the villages" is a city holy to Muslims, the Grand Mosque , the Kaaba , which is the kiss of Muslims in their prayers . Located Mecca in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia , the capital of Makkah region , away from Medina, some 400 km in the direction south-west, and the city of Taif about 120 km in the eastern direction, at a distance of 72 km from the city of Jeddah and the coast of the Red Sea , and the nearest port is a port of Jeddah , and the nearest international airport is her 's King Abdul Aziz International . Mecca is located at the intersection of two classes of supply 25/21 to the north, and longitude 49/39 to the north, The site is considered the most difficult geological formations, most of the rocks granite very solid. The area of Mecca, about 550 km ² , 88 km ² inhabited, and covers an area of the central area surrounding the Kaaba about 6 km ², The height of Mecca for sea level about 330 meters.
Dates the establishment of Mecca to more than 2000 years BC, and was at the beginning of a small village in the valley dry surrounded by mountains on every side, Then people started arriving in the awareness and stability in the era of Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Ismail, after leaving the Prophet Ibrahim with his wife Hagar and son Ishmael in the desert valley dry, and in compliance with the order of God, they stayed in the valley until the outbreak of the Zamzam well , and then rounded after the first tribes that lived in Mecca, a tribe that dragged one of the tribes of Yemen Travelers have started during this period the lifting of the Kaaba by Prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismail.
The population of Mecca, according to statistics in 2007 , about 1,700,000 people, distributed in districts of Mecca, old and new. Includes Mecca, many of the Islamic holy places, perhaps most notably the Grand Mosque , the holiest places on earth for Muslims, because it includes the Kaaba honorable Muslims turn in prayer, and is one of the three mosques to which people are Backpacker, according to the words of the Prophet Muhammad : "Do not stretch the traveled only to three mosques in the mosques of this and the Holy Mosque and the Al Aqsa Mosque , " In addition, the longer the Mecca of destination of Muslims in the season of Hajj and Umrah as it encompasses the areas frequented by Muslims, which is Mina , Mina and Arafat .
By Maria Morari
The most beautiful mosque in the world .