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THE HISTORIC CENTER KULDIGA

 

Kuldiga is a small attractive town in the Kurzeme region, it is the place where the poets sang all the time and the artists carried on their canvases. Formed in the 17-18 centuries, the center of the city still keeps the old wooden buildings forming small and narrow streets. Now the old town Kuldiga and the red brick bridge over the Venta claim a place in the list of the world cultural heritage by UNESCO. The city is also known for the widest waterfall in Europe. Next to the Tourist Information Centre is a workshop colored with woven blankets and shawls beautiful folk patterns. In spring and autumn at the waterfall there is an interesting phenomenon, when the fish are on their way to spawning grounds, trying to overcome a waterfall in the air. The development of the historic city center Kuldiga began in the 13th century and it survived the elements of the planning, from the 13 to the 19 century. The historic center preserved narrow streets, the strange one-story house with a chimney in the middle and a red tile roof. In 1368 Kuldiga entered the Hanseatic League. There were no modern roads and railways, which would have changed the architecture of the city, because it kept its typical provincial style, so Kuldiga was given the status of cultural and historical heritage. Historical buildings of the city created the unique nature of a single ensemble, one which is not only in Latvia but also in Europe. Historically, the river Venta and the waterfall at its doorsteps played a major role in the development of Kuldiga. Alekšupīte runs right along the walls of many houses, the so called Kuldiga Latvian Venice. Originally, the building in the center of the old city was built as a suburb of Kuldīga castle. In 1701 during the Northern War, the Swedish troops attacked Kuldīga castle, in 1709 it became uninhabitable and in the early 19th century the ruins were moved.


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Latvia is a country justly proud of its long tourist traditions. The country also carefully preserves folk traditions and the architectural masterpieces of the Latvian cities. There is the warm shores of the Baltic Sea, dozens of modern resorts, nearly fifty of old castles, the famous amber, hundreds of lakes and springs, as well as many hundreds of square miles of picturesque landscapes. The areas of the Gauja River valley, the banks of the Daugava and Salaca, Vidzeme and Kurzeme coast of the Gulf of Riga, near the village and Ergli Vetspiebalgi, "mountains" and Gaizinkalns Sauleskalns, the urban neighborhood Tukums and Tulsa, the ancient city of Cesis and Kuldiga, the scenic lakes and Esha Reznas - all these places are part of the unique " Baltic Necklace", which gives the country a unique look and beauty.   Latvia is situated in the north-east of Europe, on the east coast of the Baltic Sea. It has borders with Estonia in the east, with Russia in the south and with Belarus and Lithuania . It is washed by the Baltic Sea in the west. The total area is of 64.5 thousand square kilometers. The coastline - 531 km. Most of the country is occupied by plains and lowlands, low hills surrounding the Vidzeme Upland (the highest point - Gaizinkalns, 311 m). About 44% of the country is covered with forests. The territory of Latvia was stretched by quite an extensive network of water - more than three thousand lakes and 12 thousand rivers, which provide good opportunities for active tourism.   Many hotels in Latvia are situated on the Baltic coast. Hotels in Latvia will amaze you with the breadth of the price range and services offered. An inexpensive holiday in Latvia is a journey to a European country with a long history and a high level of service, original architecture and the diversity of cultural life, beautiful nature and business centers - here one will find what looking for. Tours in Latvia will be remembered for a long time: you might want to re-immerse yourself in the unique atmosphere of the magnificent cathedrals, ancient churches and ornate streets, soak up the high-SPA, to be back at parties and festivals. Buying trips to Latvia, you get a great opportunity to relax, for example, during the SPA-tours as Amber weekend or year-round tour of the Golden Ring in Riga , where you will see many colorful historic sites. Strolling through the streets of Riga you can visit the beautiful and austere Cathedral, the Swedish Gate, the Monument of Liberty, the Residence of Peter I, inspect the symbol of Riga - 137-meter tower of the church of St. Peter. Of interest are the church of St. Jacob, the Powder Tower, the Garden Gate Viesturs with the Alexander at the entrance, established in honor of Russian victory over Napoleon. No less interesting museums in Riga are, for example, the famous historical museum, the Museum of Medicine, the Museum of Foreign Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Automotive Museum, the Ethnographic Museum, a collection of buildings XVI-XIX centuries from across the country from the typical wooden churches to windmills. And at the Shopping-Tour in Riga individual travelers must go to the Riga market - the largest market in Europe.   Culture of Latvia   Latvian literature is saturated with rich folkloric traditions. These are folk songs, legends and fairy tales which have begun writing culture. The first significant achievements of Latvian prose of the novel are of brothers Reinis Kaudzit Mathis, and "Seasons of the surveyors' (1879) and Jacob Apsishu stories about the life of the village. The founder of the Latvian drama is A. Alunana. For significant achievements of the national culture is to translate the Bible into the Latvian language, made by Ernst Gluck as well as the release of the first periodical in the Latvian language under the title "The Latvian newspaper" in 1822. In the Soviet period was carried out work aimed at the integration of all national cultures. Many books have been translated by Latvian writers, like the languages of the peoples of the USSR and in foreign languages. Latsis, Kempe, ITES, Sudrabkalna, Mane, Vatsientisa and many other published their works .   Latvian national cuisine   The basis of the Latvian cuisine make putra and milk products in the first place and cheeses. The main products include the national cooking pearl barley, flour, beans, vegetables, potatoes and dairy products. Among meats pork keeps the palm, and after beef, veal and poultry. In the preparation of dishes of national cuisine herring and sprat are widely used. In the ranking of the most popular dishes of Latvian cuisine should be made sour milk and bread soup, also cabbage putra. Putrov is a thick broth, pearl barley boiled in milk, added thereto as meat and fat. Exact scattering of dishes in Latvia are made from cabbage, beet tops, sorrel, fresh and pickled vegetables. The real "favorites" legumes are Latvian table. Worth a try are the dumplings beans or peas with yogurt or boiled peas with cooked bacon.   Economy of Latvia   Constant trading partners of Latvia are the country's neighbors. However, becoming a member of the European Union, the country has expanded its trade horizons. It established cooperation with many European countries, in particular, with Sweden, Britain and Germany. The main export goods of Latvia are: iron and metal, electrical machinery and equipment, lumber, textiles and knitwear, round timber. By the weaknesses of the Latvian economy is the fact that energy is in a state of dependence on imported oil and gas, but it has its own raw material resources available. The country has a high unemployment rate, reaching 15%. All this inevitably turns Latvia in one of the poorest countries in Europe.   Latvia can rightly be called the "pearl" of the Baltic states. This is a country of blue lakes, forests, springs. Among the scenic beauty, Latvia "has registered" dozens of modern resorts. This country has medieval castles, knights' castles, rich history full of beautiful legends. This is a country where past and present go hand in hand. Perhaps that is why Latvia is so attractive to tourists.

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Kuldiga - Attractive bridge
Kuldiga - Attractive bridge

Kuldiga - Beautiful small town
Kuldiga - Beautiful small town

Kuldiga - Town Hall
Kuldiga - Town Hall







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