Daugavpils is the second largest city of Latvia. It is located 200 km from Riga on the banks of the Daugava River on the border with Lithuania and Belarus. The story begins in 1275 when one of the Teutonic Knights built the Dinaburg castle. It was restored in the 19th century. Now it is the only castle in the Baltics, which remained without significant changes. The Contemporary Ensemble creates as home the fortress of buildings in the Empire style and classicism and a developed system of defense, situated on the right bank of the Daugava River and the bridgeheads on the left bank, which served for the defense of the bridge and crossing, formed an autonomous defense system. In addition to the fortress in the old town of Daugavpils there are also the Orthodox Cathedral, a Catholic church, the Lutheran Church and the House of Unity. The facades of the houses are made of red bricks, which are called "Latgale baroque." Daugavpils , the second largest city of Latvia, lies 230 km from the capital, near the border with Belarus, Lithuania and Russia.
This is a major industrial and transport center of the country, retaining, however its historic core and its beautiful nature. The main attractions are the Daugavpils fortress (1813-1878), The Church of St. Peter and Paul (1848), Boris and Gleb Church (in 1904, the largest Orthodox Church in Lithuania), the natural park Daugavas Loki, a picturesque lake Stropskoe (417.9 ha) and the beautiful pine forests in the vicinity. In the area of Mezhciems are widely used the medicinal properties of chloride mineral waters and curative mud and the huge number of rivers and lakes that are suitable for recreation. To the east of Daugavpils is Kraslava, famous for its church Krāslava (Latgale region is the center of Catholicism in Latvia). In Algone is a unique Catholic Basilica (1699-1800) spread out around the monastery (XVIII c.), built around with miraculous power and being one of the most important pilgrimage centers in the country. Latgale cultural-historical museum works in Rezekne and hundreds and hundreds of rivers and lakes of Latgale provide all facilities for recreation in natural surroundings.
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The country also carefully preserves folk traditions and the architectural masterpieces of the Latvian cities.
There is the warm shores of the Baltic Sea, dozens of modern resorts, nearly fifty of old castles, the famous amber, hundreds of lakes and springs, as well as many hundreds of square miles of picturesque landscapes.
The areas of the Gauja River valley, the banks of the Daugava and Salaca, Vidzeme and Kurzeme coast of the Gulf of Riga, near the village and Ergli Vetspiebalgi, "mountains" and Gaizinkalns Sauleskalns, the urban neighborhood Tukums and Tulsa, the ancient city of Cesis and Kuldiga, the scenic lakes and Esha Reznas - all these places are part of the unique " Baltic Necklace", which gives the country a unique look and beauty.
Latvia is situated in the north-east of Europe, on the east coast of the Baltic Sea.
It has borders with Estonia in the east, with Russia in the south and with Belarus and Lithuania .
It is washed by the Baltic Sea in the west.
The total area is of 64.
5 thousand square kilometers.
The coastline - 531 km.
Most of the country is occupied by plains and lowlands, low hills surrounding the Vidzeme Upland (the highest point - Gaizinkalns, 311 m).
About 44% of the country is covered with forests.
The territory of Latvia was stretched by quite an extensive network of water - more than three thousand lakes and 12 thousand rivers, which provide good opportunities for active tourism.
Many hotels in Latvia are situated on the Baltic coast.
Hotels in Latvia will amaze you with the breadth of the price range and services offered.
An inexpensive holiday in Latvia is a journey to a European country with a long history and a high level of service, original architecture and the diversity of cultural life, beautiful nature and business centers - here one will find what looking for.
Tours in Latvia will be remembered for a long time: you might want to re-immerse yourself in the unique atmosphere of the magnificent cathedrals, ancient churches and ornate streets, soak up the high-SPA, to be back at parties and festivals.
Buying trips to Latvia, you get a great opportunity to relax, for example, during the SPA-tours as Amber weekend or year-round tour of the Golden Ring in Riga , where you will see many colorful historic sites.
Strolling through the streets of Riga you can visit the beautiful and austere Cathedral, the Swedish Gate, the Monument of Liberty, the Residence of Peter I, inspect the symbol of Riga - 137-meter tower of the church of St.
Of interest are the church of St.
Jacob, the Powder Tower, the Garden Gate Viesturs with the Alexander at the entrance, established in honor of Russian victory over Napoleon.
No less interesting museums in Riga are, for example, the famous historical museum, the Museum of Medicine, the Museum of Foreign Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Automotive Museum, the Ethnographic Museum, a collection of buildings XVI-XIX centuries from across the country from the typical wooden churches to windmills.
And at the Shopping-Tour in Riga individual travelers must go to the Riga market - the largest market in Europe.
Culture of Latvia Latvian literature is saturated with rich folkloric traditions.
These are folk songs, legends and fairy tales which have begun writing culture.
The first significant achievements of Latvian prose of the novel are of brothers Reinis Kaudzit Mathis, and "Seasons of the surveyors' (1879) and Jacob Apsishu stories about the life of the village.
The founder of the Latvian drama is A.
For significant achievements of the national culture is to translate the Bible into the Latvian language, made by Ernst Gluck as well as the release of the first periodical in the Latvian language under the title "The Latvian newspaper" in 1822.
In the Soviet period was carried out work aimed at the integration of all national cultures.
Many books have been translated by Latvian writers, like the languages of the peoples of the USSR and in foreign languages.
Latsis, Kempe, ITES, Sudrabkalna, Mane, Vatsientisa and many other published their works .
Latvian national cuisine The basis of the Latvian cuisine make putra and milk products in the first place and cheeses.
The main products include the national cooking pearl barley, flour, beans, vegetables, potatoes and dairy products.
Among meats pork keeps the palm, and after beef, veal and poultry.
In the preparation of dishes of national cuisine herring and sprat are widely used.
In the ranking of the most popular dishes of Latvian cuisine should be made sour milk and bread soup, also cabbage putra.
Putrov is a thick broth, pearl barley boiled in milk, added thereto as meat and fat.
Exact scattering of dishes in Latvia are made from cabbage, beet tops, sorrel, fresh and pickled vegetables.
The real "favorites" legumes are Latvian table.
Worth a try are the dumplings beans or peas with yogurt or boiled peas with cooked bacon.
Economy of Latvia Constant trading partners of Latvia are the country's neighbors.
However, becoming a member of the European Union, the country has expanded its trade horizons.
It established cooperation with many European countries, in particular, with Sweden, Britain and Germany.
The main export goods of Latvia are: iron and metal, electrical machinery and equipment, lumber, textiles and knitwear, round timber.
By the weaknesses of the Latvian economy is the fact that energy is in a state of dependence on imported oil and gas, but it has its own raw material resources available.
The country has a high unemployment rate, reaching 15%.
All this inevitably turns Latvia in one of the poorest countries in Europe.
Latvia can rightly be called the "pearl" of the Baltic states.
This is a country of blue lakes, forests, springs.
Among the scenic beauty, Latvia "has registered" dozens of modern resorts.
This country has medieval castles, knights' castles, rich history full of beautiful legends.
This is a country where past and present go hand in hand.
Perhaps that is why Latvia is so attractive to tourists.