What is Papua New Guinea? The poorest country on the earth or the last mystery of humanity? "Terra Incognita", where the XXI century the most incomprehensible way intersected with the stone age, or just a historical accident, which gave us a fantastic opportunity to understand how our ancestors lived.
This is an unfathomable place. We can assure you that the reality surpasses all expectations. Of course, over the past fifty years, enormous changes have taken place here, but it was not enough to turn the tide of history and suddenly change the lifestyle of thousands of people, staying up in the naive ignorance of the Stone Age. Even 40 years ago nobody could even imagine that this green can complete self-government. Australian colonial authorities believe, for example, that to prepare the Papuans to parliamentarism need at least a hundred years. Nevertheless, in 1975, Papua - New Guinea became a fully independent state, in which many deputies remember their childhood. Then, the highest achievement of human intelligence is regarded as a stone ax. The modern name of the state - Papua - New Guinea signed a lot of contradictions. They reflect a very difficult colonial destiny of this country. Judge for yourself: Papua - a former British Guinea and Australia, so named in contrast to the German Guinea. And the name of Papua have come up with the Portuguese. The word derives from the Malay "papuva", meaning "curled." It was one of the first characteristics data by Europeans to the local population. Well, the term came up with the Dutch New Guinea, who recalled the nature of the African Guinea. In any case, neither those nor any others did not stay here long. Almost all the attempts of white settle here were doomed to failure. All of them ran into an impenetrable wall of diseases that destroyed hundreds of strangers. It really is the climate was bad. Therefore, in this place until the middle of the XX century preserved the unique culture that has not undergone any significant changes since the settlement of the people of this land is not too friendly. Forty thousand years later, shortly before the First World War, this piece of land was quickly divided between Germany and England. So, these are the same, in general, the land became part of various empires. Very soon, however, the British, swallowed another piece of the world, only so that he did not get the Germans realized that they cannot digest it. And a special need in this land of junk they had. Britain gave the colony its useless in Australia. It also went to the German and the part after the defeat of Germany in the war. Now this land on the edge of the world came to be called the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. That in itself is a bit absurd, because the area is already Papua is part of the island of New Guinea. And actually the same people live here. The turning point in the history of Papua - New Guinea became the second world war. Similarly, as in Russia after 1812 many people could not live in the old way, and here, after the expulsion of the Japanese could not return to the old colonial order. Local residents actively helped the Allied forces in the fight against Japan, for which it received the unusual nickname of black angels. The Australians could not and would not immediately provide a full Papuan independence. It's like not knowing how to swim to throw into a deep pool. Still had to do it under the pressure of world public opinion, and the second, because of the "yellow peril." There was a veiled threat of conflict with Indonesia, which is approximately the same time to seize the West Irian - second, the Dutch part of New Guinea. So, Australians dilemma: either to protect the border itself is not very correct colony or to give to solve this problem by the Papuans. What would make it much easier, since the attack or if you want the annexation of the young independent state in the world would be accepted unequivocally. The decision was made. After declaring independence in 1975, it was widely discussed the possibility of renaming the country. The options were set: Genipapu, Pagini, Avrineziya, Blekslend and Pacifica. Competition won by Ade Aziz, a ten-year girl from the capital - Port Moresby. She offered a simple translation of the old name in pidgin english, modernized Papuans English. It sounds like Niugini. So now is the national airline - Air Niugini. And the name of the country still decided to leave the old - Papua - New Guinea. It only removed from the territory of the word and the word "and."
The indigenous population of Papua New Guinea is one of the most diverse in the world, the country has several thousand separate communities, most of which include only a few hundred people, but they differ in language, customs and traditions. Some of these communities are sensed to tribal conflict with their neighbors for millennia. The advent of modern weapons and modern migrants in urban areas significantly increased lawlessness.
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is rich in natural resources, but mining is difficult terrain, land tenure, the high cost of infrastructure development. Agriculture provides livelihood for 85% of the people. Revenue from the development of mineral deposits, include copper, gold and oil, almost two-thirds of export earnings. Natural gas reserves are about 227 billion cubic meters. A consortium led by the largest American oil company, is building a terminal for liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal should become operational in 2014. As the largest investment project in the history of the country , it can double the GDP in terms of export revenues. The U.S. company opened its first refinery in 2004 and builds a second LNG production. The government of Prime Minister seeks with all his might to stay in power. He was the first prime minister and always re-elected for a full five-year term. The Government has made the stability of the national budget. Numerous challenges include ensuring the physical security for foreign investors, the restoration of investor confidence, promote economic efficiency through privatization, the development of relations with Australia. The socio-cultural problems include the rapid growth of HIV-infected patients. The global financial crisis has had little impact on the economy of the country .
Others The Poorest Countries in the World .
Maps of Papua New Guineamap Papua New Guinea
Others from The Poorest Countries in the World
GDP, literacy rate and employment are the main parameters to determine the level of a country's economy.
According to the report of the United Nations, hunger causes the death of about 25,000 people daily.
Unfortunately, more children die than adults.
982 million of the 4.
8 billion people in the developing world live on $ 1 a day.
5 billion people live on less than $ 2 per day.
What factors influence the level of the economy? These are the geography of the country, industrialization, colonialism, education, natural resources, infrastructure, overcrowding, investment, government debts.
Here is a list of the most-most of the world's poorest countries: There are 9 in Asia: Afghanistan Bangladesh Butane East Timor Yemen Cambodia Laos Myanmar Nepal In Africa 33: Angola Burkina Faso Mali Burundi Benin Chad Sudan CAR Democratic Republic of Congo Ethiopia Niger Djibouti Comoros Somalia Equatorial Guinea Togo Tanzania Uganda Eritrea Madagascar Malawi Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Rwanda Mauritania Mozambique Southern Sudan Sao Tome and Principe Zambia Oceania has 5: Vanuatu Samoa Tuvalu Kiribati Solomon Islands The North America only one: Haiti And 2 of the 4 th in the world: Cape Verde Botswana The world's poorest countries belong to their ratings, so it makes sense to select the top 10 most such, the number of GDP.
This list begins with the very poor and can be a little different: Congo Liberia Zimbabwe Solomon Islands Somalia Comoros Guinea CAR Niger Ethiopia It is known by everybody that the economy is developing in different countries in different ways.
The factors that make compiled rating may be noted by the gross domestic products, by the literacy rate and the percentage of the population of working citizens.
Summing these factors in a special way, without any problems, can determine the level of the development of a region.
Actually it was done.
Based on some worldly reports it becomes clear to us that tens of thousands of people die every day directly from hunger.
By the way, more than half of the world's population spends at least 30 rubles per day.
These indicators are mainly related to poor developing countries of the world, because they are very backward and people do not want to work properly.
In some cases this can be attributed to the nature and the lack of minerals.
Congo is a leader of the poorest state from the economy point of view.
There always were constant wars and chaos.
Liberia has serious problems with the export, losing its diamond resources.
It has a large number of debts and bad lives.
Zimbabwe is not much better than others.
There is most inflation and a small amount of money, as a result, unemployment and related phenomena.
In Solomon Islands, then things are a little better.
In this country there are a lot of fish, so it caught almost all the inhabitants of the country.
From fossils, too, all very good.
However, technological progress, or something else does not allow to live normally.
Somalia is the most militant.
Usually people are engaged in agriculture and cattle breeding.
However, there were many pirates who robbed everyone who came across their path.
However, such a laugh did not improve their lives in general.
Disaster occurred in Comoros because of an increase in population.
The result was a lack of jobs and defaults.
People in Guinea are engaged in agriculture and fishing.
This is the only thing by which they can survive.
As an additional problem may be noted viruses.
Summing up our ranking of the world's poorest places, we tried to make you understand their general backwardness.
In these places, residents never shone with mind and they do not understand anything in modern technologies.
The level of literacy suggests that schools are not the main places to get life skills.
What they wanted got it.
Just do not know how to create good living conditions, then let it grow at least something.
The fact that there are rich and poor countries is known to many.
But ordinary citizens do not realize how poor countries are .
The fact that living standards in these countries is poor, often referred to international organizations.
Well, try to find out about the top 10 poorest countries in the world, consisting of ten states.