Eritrea is a country located on the north-east Africa. For some time it was part of Ethiopia. Its neighboring states are: Ethiopia, Sudan. The climate is hot, tropical, rainfall is scarce. The population consists of Tigray people and Eritrea, others profess the two world religions: Christianity and Islam. On natural characteristics Eritrea is often compared with Ethiopia. These two countries combine the total Ethiopian Plateau, which occupies a significant area. The coastal strip is characterized by savannas and deserts. The flora is represented by thermophilic acacias, eucalyptus trees, date palms, baobabs, sycamore. In the coastal waters there are more than 200 species of fish. The fauna is also diverse. The history of the region began with the early feudal kingdom of Axum, which was a major trading center. Later attempts were made to capture the Egyptians. Before the World War II, Eritrea was under the protectorate of Italy, after the defeat of the fascist regime, Italy, Britain passes the baton. Always attempts to unite Eritrea and Ethiopia, but the separatist movement in the end resulted in a long war for the independence of Eritrea. In 1993, Eritrea became an independent country, headed by the honored military leaders who made significant contributions to the victory in the war for independence.
Eritrea is a poor country with underdeveloped economy. The basis of the economy is agriculture, but even it is at a standstill. The country runs the relentless erosion of the soil, making them unusable. Among the agricultural products potatoes, bananas, citrus fruits and cotton are grown. The manufacturing industry is in a developing stage. The observed minerals are gold, iron, magnesium, copper, marble, etc. Going to Eritrea in the first place, you will come to the capital - Asmara. The town is popular with tourists, as there is quite safely and you have what to see. Here are the Governor's Palace, the Opera House and the National Museum of the word, "gentleman's set" for the capital. Be sure to discover traces of the past Axum. The modern city Kohayto is just one of the centers of the legendary Axum. This is an open-air museum.
These are hundreds of islands not far from Eritrea. The underwater near this amazing paradise on earth, is decorated with ancient coral reefs. The presence of a complex system of branching corals accompanied the emergence of this extremely rich underwater world.
This is interesting:
► In ancient times, Eritrea was called the "Land of the Gods", as there were selling luxury goods, gold, spices. It is also notorious for Eritrea: it was a center of trade in ivory, slaves, ebony.
► Many of the monuments are witnesses of the former might Eritrea, that have sunk into oblivion "because of" a long war.
► The rich underwater world of the Red Sea is one of the reasons to visit Eritrea.
► The national cuisine is liked by so many visitors: it is replete with spices of all colors and flavors. Locals just can not imagine the national cuisine without spices.
Overview of the economy
Since gaining independence on 24 May 1993, Eritrea faced the economic difficulties being very small and a poor country. The economy is mostly based on subsistence agriculture, 80% of the population is engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. The small industrial sector consists mainly of light industry enterprises with obsolete technology. GDP is largely supplemented by remittances from workers abroad. The government receives revenues from customs duties and taxes, taxes on profits and sales. Road construction is a major priority of the country. As for the long term, Eritrea may benefit from the development of oil reserves on the continental shelf, fisheries and tourism. Eritrea's economic future depends on its ability to address fundamental economic and social problems, among them the need to eradicate illiteracy, promoting job creation, the development of vocational education, foreign investment and improving the efficiency of the state apparatus. Agriculture of Eritrea over the past two years has suffered considerable damage from war and drought, many plots of land in need of clearance. Another important problem is the ports before the war were the main trade gateway to Ethiopia.
By Romanelli Ana
The Poorest Countries in the World .
Others from The Poorest Countries in the World
The level of the economy in various countries around the world is not the same , somewhere it is very high and somewhere very low. GDP, literacy rate and employment are the main parameters to determine the level of a country's economy. According to the report of the United Nations, hunger causes the death of about 25,000 people daily. Unfortunately, more children die than adults. 982 million of the 4.8 billion people in the developing world live on $ 1 a day. Another 2.5 billion people live on less than $ 2 per day. What factors influence the level of the economy? These are the geography of the country, industrialization, colonialism, education, natural resources, infrastructure, overcrowding, investment, government debts.
Here is a list of the most-most of the world's poorest countries:
There are 9 in Asia:
In Africa 33:
Democratic Republic of Congo
Tome and Principe Zambia
Oceania has 5:
The North America only one:
And 2 of the 4 th in the world:
The world's poorest countries belong to their ratings, so it makes sense to select the top 10 most such, the number of GDP. This list begins with the very poor and can be a little different:
It is known by everybody that the economy is developing in different countries in different ways. The factors that make compiled rating may be noted by the gross domestic products, by the literacy rate and the percentage of the population of working citizens. Summing these factors in a special way, without any problems, can determine the level of the development of a region. Actually it was done. Based on some worldly reports it becomes clear to us that tens of thousands of people die every day directly from hunger. By the way, more than half of the world's population spends at least 30 rubles per day. These indicators are mainly related to poor developing countries of the world, because they are very backward and people do not want to work properly. In some cases this can be attributed to the nature and the lack of minerals.
Congo is a leader of the poorest state from the economy point of view. There always were constant wars and chaos.
Liberia has serious problems with the export, losing its diamond resources. It has a large number of debts and bad lives.
Zimbabwe is not much better than others. There is most inflation and a small amount of money, as a result, unemployment and related phenomena.
In Solomon Islands, then things are a little better. In this country there are a lot of fish, so it caught almost all the inhabitants of the country. From fossils, too, all very good. However, technological progress, or something else does not allow to live normally.
Somalia is the most militant. Usually people are engaged in agriculture and cattle breeding. However, there were many pirates who robbed everyone who came across their path. However, such a laugh did not improve their lives in general.
Disaster occurred in Comoros because of an increase in population. The result was a lack of jobs and defaults.
People in Guinea are engaged in agriculture and fishing. This is the only thing by which they can survive. As an additional problem may be noted viruses.
Summing up our ranking of the world's poorest places, we tried to make you understand their general backwardness. In these places, residents never shone with mind and they do not understand anything in modern technologies. The level of literacy suggests that schools are not the main places to get life skills. What they wanted got it. Just do not know how to create good living conditions, then let it grow at least something. The fact that there are rich and poor countries is known to many. But ordinary citizens do not realize how poor countries are ... poor . The fact that living standards in these countries is poor, often referred to international organizations. Well, try to find out about the top 10 poorest countries in the world, consisting of ten states.
Images of Eritrea, icons, photos, figures, visions, appearances, illustrations, snapshots, captures, canvas and pictures of Eritrea - The Poorest Countries in the World
Eritrea - High level of poverty and violence
Eritrea - Insecure country
Eritrea - Undeveloped economy