Somalia's GDP per capital is of 600 dollars. Inflation in the country exceeds 100% for several years now. The industry employs only 6% of the population and it is suitable for agricultural use. Only 12% of the country is cultivated and even less - 5%. The financial system collapsed. By the way, the currency was devalued several times. Most kids dream of becoming pirates: this is the only way to get a lot of money.
Somalia is considered one of the poorest countries in the world. About half the population are nomads and do not have a permanent place of residence. In Somalia, there is practically no functioning economy, and even we can say that at the moment this country is completely dysfunctional. There is no unity in the country and separation dominates. The country cannot cope with even the most pressing issues of health, nutrition, education and cessation of seizures by Somali pirates in the waters around the country, especially in the Gulf of Aden.
Geographic location, boundaries and dimensions.
Somalia is located in the easternmost part of the continent of Africa . It is part of the territory of the Somali Peninsula, which is strongly etched between the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. The country is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the west and Kenya to the south-west. It covers an area of 637-657 sq.km. It is located between 1 ° south latitude and 11 ° north latitude and between 41 and 51 ° east longitude.
Somalia has a flat and a hilly terrain, which in places passes into a plateau. Mountains occupy only the extreme northern parts of the country. This is the highest point of Somalia - the top Surud Hell, which rises to 2416 m above sea level. The coastline of the country is not dissected. The banks are straight. The north is often steep, while the south is usually full of sandy beaches.
Somalia falls almost entirely in sub-equatorial climate zone . Only the northernmost part of the country is tropical climate . In this country the weather is dry and hot throughout the year and sometimes really sizzling hot. The Somali capital Mogadishu is located on the shores of the Indian Ocean. The daytime temperatures range from 29 to 33 ° C throughout the year, but the reality can be much harsher. Temperatures often reach 40-45 ° C. It is provided that the shadows are very hard to find. As in other places in the world where the climate is subequatorial, Somalia has a dry and a rainy season, but during the rainy season here is much drier than usual. It lasts from April to August. The rainiest month is June with a rainfall reaching up to 70 mm. At the local solar radiation and high temperatures, rainfall is not enough. Nature. Somalia occupies the greater part of the steppes and dry savannas. Few plants and animals survive in such extreme and harsh environments. In general, vegetation is very scarce in the country. This is especially true for the northern parts of the country, which are very dry and hot due to the tropical climate. In these parts of Somalia, the vegetation is concentrated in the form of oases. A little more green is only in Porec rivers in southern Somalia, which is also not much. This country is very poor in water.
The economy of Somalia is considered the most underdeveloped in the world. A huge proportion of the population lives in extreme poverty. There is almost no development of the industry or service sector for example. Agriculture plays an important role, but there is a problem. Fattened and live animals as sheep, goats and cattle are exported. In some parts of the country some crops such as bananas and corn grew. Agriculture however, is unable to even partially meet the needs of the local people, most of whom are systematically starving. The only manifestation of small industrial enterprises are engaged in the processing of leather. The population of Somalia, which lives in urban areas and works a lot, usually survive with no more than 40-50 dollars a month. For people who live outside the city and do not work is quite impossible to speak of any income. In Somalia, it is difficult to talk about unemployment or the magnitude of its dimensions, since about 50% of the Somalis do not have a registered place of residence. The controversial question of whether poverty is the cause of political instability in the country or if political uncertainty spawned poverty. The fact that extreme poverty in this part of Africa is probably the main reason that piracy is flourishing! Century, after which it is assumed that this phenomenon has long been gone forever, indescribable poverty led Somalis to break the law in this very inhuman way and begin to touch the passing vessels in the Gulf of Aden. The international community is shocked by these actions and it is trying to prevent these crimes, where there is still assumed an era of great geographical discoveries.
Population and human settlements.
Because of too high percentage of the nomadic population it is difficult to specify how many people of Somalia are, but it is expected that there live approximately 11 million people. It is believed that at least 5 to 5.5 million people live as nomads. Of the population, which leads a quiet life, about one-third live in Mogadishu. Besides the capital, which is home to more than 2 million people, there are other major cities are Hargeisa (800 000), Berbera (200 000), and others. In religious terms the majority of Somalis are Muslim - Sunni, but many of them have their own beliefs. The remaining residents live in small towns in the province.
- Mogadishu has a population of more than 2 million inhabitants. It is located on the shores of the Indian Ocean in the south. There is a poorly developed infrastructure with injuries. Many buildings were destroyed in the civil war. In this land of conflict people know how to entertain. Here, locals have usually a good time near the ocean. Often you can see crowds of children who play in sand or in the water. The city is located in the plains and there are no relief forms which can disrupt its silhouette. Vegetation is extremely sparse. Only in some places you can see the date palm and acacia.
- Hargeisa is the second largest city and the importance of Somalia with a population of about 800,000 inhabitants. It is located in the northwestern part of the country, near the border with Ethiopia. Hargeisa is the center of a region in Somalia, which wants to establish an independent state. This non-existent country called Somaliland, but it is not recognized by the international community.
- Berbera is a large center in the northern part of Somalia. It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Aden. The city is home to about 200,000 residents. The town has poor infrastructure and poor vegetation. As in Mogadishu there are a lot of partially destroyed buildings. Berbera port is dotted with numerous vessels and it is very difficult to say whether in motion or not, because their condition is generally very poor.
Others The Poorest Countries in the World .