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The ruins of Timgad can be found near the Sahara desert, near Batna. Over the time, sand covered the Roman city retaining much of the buildings in good condition. In 1983 the site was recognized by UNESCO as a protected area. It seems that initially it was a fertile region which is the reason why this place was chosen by the Romans. Over time, however, exploitation of land made the area become a desert. The city was left in the seventh century and was rediscovered in 1881. Timgad was a Roman colonial town, located in the city of Batna, Algeria, North Africa. It was first found by Emperor Trajan around 100 AD. He named the town Colonia Marciana Ulpia Traiana Thamugadi in memory of his mother Marcia. Here you can see the Roman Theater, the Arch of Trajan, the Capitoline temple, the Basilica and a library.

 

The city was founded out of nothing as a military colony, primarily as a bastion against the Berbers of the Massif dell' Aurés . Originally it was inhabited by veterans, share of the Roman army , which were assigned lands in exchange for years of military service. Located along the road between Thevaste and Lambesi (home of the Legio III Augusta ), the city was walled but not fortified. Designed for a population of 15,000 inhabitants, the city soon grew out of control and developed chaotically, without complying with the orthogonal plan to the original Roman foundation. Among the ruins of Timgad are perfectly visible the decumanus and the thistle , flanked by a colonnade of Corinthian partially restored. The thistle does not cross the entire city, but ends in a hole at the intersection with the decumanus. At the west end of the decumanus stands a triumphal arch 12 meters high, called the Arch of Trajan, partially restored in 1900 . The arch is built mainly of sandstone. The Corinthian has 3 arches, the central one is wider than 3 meters. The arch is also known as the Arch of Timgad , so as not to create confusion among the great number of triumphal arches built by the Emperor Trajan. Among the city's buildings are a church , a library , four baths and a theater of 3,500 seats, in excellent condition, so that even today is used for theatrical performances. The Capitoline is a temple dedicated to Jupiter (almost as big as the Pantheon in Rome ), a church with a square apse dating from the circular seventh century , a citadel and a Byzantine city built in the last days.





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Images of Timgad, icons, photos, figures, visions, appearances, illustrations, snapshots, captures, canvas and pictures of Timgad

Timgad - Remarkable Vestige
Timgad - Remarkable Vestige

Timgad - Consummate example of a Roman military colony
Timgad - Consummate example of a Roman military colony

Timgad - The Arch of Trajan
Timgad - The Arch of Trajan

Timgad - Outstanding Universal Value
Timgad - Outstanding Universal Value