Deep in a mine in southern Mexico, in Chihuahua, there is a group of mineral crystals that are hidden from the human eyes. They have a height of several meters, generally of rectangular shape, but they are cylindrical, and the color changes from silver to gold. Most likely, the surrounding space was filled with crystals of the rock, which is gradually washed out by underground water flows, leaving such an unusual education.
Discover the magic cave in the Mexican Desert
There, at a depth of 700 m in the Naica Mountain in the desert Chihuahuan (Mexico), are the largest of the currently known natural crystals. The cave was accidentally discovered by some miners recently silver-lead mine in a marketing year 2000. The Naica cave in Chihuahua, Mexico, is a working mine for the extraction of lead, zinc and silver and large voids containing crystals of huge selenite. It is located in a semi-arid area north of Mexico, 100 km south-east at an altitude of 1385m.Chiguagua is on the northern slope. The owner of the cave of treasures is the “Industrias Penoles” Company. Here's the leading development of silver, lead and zinc. Selenite is one of the most beautiful forms of gypsum, a mineral consisting of hydrated calcium sulfate, which is very often formed into a compact and transparent connection. Sometimes it is represented as a giant crystal cave in Naica. The air temperature in the cave is about 50 º C, the humidity 90%. Nobody can withstand more than 10-15 minutes with no special clothing, cooling the body and breathing air, in such circumstances. The research analysis led to believe that there are other interesting caves that are waiting, and when they were found in the shaft Naica complex, located on the south east of the city of Chihuahua. If the theory of the genetic mechanisms of the crystal formation is correct, the miners can find a large number of such caves in the next few years. Cueva de los Cristales is in Mexico at a depth of 300 meters underground. The cave contains some of the largest natural crystals. To give you an idea of how big the crystals are, an example has been found of a crystal length of 11 m, 4 m wide, weighing 55 tons. Crystals are translucent and consist of selenite, a form of gypsum. First, geologists did not understand how the crystals could grow so big, but now they understand it. By studying the tiny cells filled with liquid inside, scientists realized that the crystals grew because they were immersed in mineral water with very little fluctuation in temperature, equal to about - 54 ° C.
By Romanelli Ana
The Most Beautiful Caves and Grottos of the World .
Others from The Most Beautiful Caves and Grottos of the World
We see amazing things created by Mother Nature all around the world: huge mountains, beautiful plains, scary jungles and green forests, the lungs of our planet. Do we know everything about this world? Of course not, and the most interesting thing is that we know a little about what is on the surface of this planet, but nothing is really aware of the fact of what is at the bottom, below the surface. But underground there are many wonderful things, in particular, the caves, which keep their secrets from us humans. I want to present to you, dear readers, the most interesting and the most beautiful caves of our world. From childhood we are taught that there are caves with stalactites and stalagmites that have formed over centuries, millennia draining down water - drop by drop, and on the ceiling and the floor of the cave gradually formed tumors by mineral particles contained in water. Caves are subterranean voids that were formed by leaching of soft rocks, tectonic processes, etc. There is unique fauna in the caves, which members have developed other ways of feeling and movements due to the absence of light. Each cave is a special world, where you can see its beauty. Thus, the Onogonda Caves from Missouri and the Red Flute Cave of Canada are known for their stalactites and stalagmites. The last was named so because the whole cave has excellent acoustic properties, and despite its length of 240 meters, the flute is perfectly audible from end to end. There also are icy caves where there is plenty of both ice and fire. The ceilings of some caves are completely covered with ice, and at the bottom some lava flows. Such caves can be found in Vietnam, Scotland and Norway, respectively.
Cavity: the real meaning of peace
Cavities are formed by water, which create enormous empty spaces below the surface, washing out the breed for millennia. Few countries can boast such caves, the cave Deer, known as the longest mall in the world. A closer example, the Hugden Grotto, known for its waterfalls and in Slovenia Skocjan equally beautiful and frightening. Man slightly ennobled them, sheds and bridges were conducted under ground electricity, but it further emphasizes the wild nature of these caves. Morokkan cave in North Africa is probably the most unusual and beautiful cave in the world. The thing is that in the vault of this cave is a hole, through which the sun looks periodically. People took it as marked by God for a long time because what else enters the cave beside the sun?
Caves are places of mystery, paradox and beauty. Find out which are the most amazing and famous caves and grottos in the world created by nature.
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The Crystal Cave of the Giants, Mexico - Giant crystal cave in Naica
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The Crystal Cave of the Giants, Mexico - Into the cave