The date of the construction of the Galata Tower is not known, but it was stated that it was built in 507 AD. during the reign of Emperor Justinian. The tower, which the Genoese, called the Tower of Jesus, and the Byzantines who called it the Great Tower, took its present appearance in 1348 during the rule of the Genoese. The tower was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1509 and it was rebuilt by the Ottoman architect Hayrettin. During the Sultan Suleiman Magnificent, the tower was used as a prison for convicts prisoners who worked on Kasympasha. In the late 16 th century, the chief astrologer Takiyeddinom Efendi established an observatory at the Galata Tower. Galata Tower, which for some time served as an observatory was closed by Sultan Murad III and the newly sultan converted it into a prison. In 1638, during the reign of Sultan Murad IV Ahmet Celebi Hezarfen, an inventor made wings and flew safely to the Galata Tower in Üskudar, located on the other side of the Bosphorus. Closer to the 17, the tower was placed by a team of firefighters and after the 1717 the Galata Tower was a service as an observation post in case of fire. But in an ironic coincidence, the tower burned in a fire that broke out in 1794. The Galata Tower was reconstructed during the reign of Sultan Selim III. In 1831 the tower had a second fire. At this time the tower was repaired by order of Sultan Mahmud II, and two more levels were built, and the famous conical roof, and here was established a stele with an inscription about the restoration of the tower from the pen of Perth Pasha. In 1875, during a heavy storm the cone roof was demolished, which was again rebuilt in 1960 . Today, Galata Tower is at the disposal of a private company that uses it exclusively for tourism purposes. You can lift up only 7 floors, and on the upper level 2 on staircase. The restaurant is located on the top floor. You can exit at the roundabout balcony with a magnificent view of Istanbul and the Bosphorus Strait.
Today the tower is 66.90 m Galata, OD - 16.45 m, the inner diameter is of 8.95 m. The thickness of the walls is of 3.75 m. Galata Tower on the top of a high sixty-one meter is visible from all points of the city. From its summit it offers a magnificent panorama, which attracts many tourists and visitors. The tower is located on a hill above the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. You can climb on the scenic terrace of the tower, breaking one hundred forty-three stairs or by elevator. It is known that there was a tower in these places in the fifth century. But the tower, which has reached us, dates back to the mid-fourteenth century. The Genoese, who captured the Byzantine areas, erected a defensive tower in this place, giving it the name of the "Tower of Jesus." The diameter of the tower is nine meters and a height equal to one hundred forty meters. The fire tower, barns, a lighthouse, a jail were located here in different years during the Ottoman period. During the restoration work on the tower in the twentieth century the conical roof was already completed. Ahmed Chalabi Hezarfen, being a jack of all trades, performed a test of his invention and flew from the tower on the opposite wings.
Galata Tower stands at the top of Galata, on the European side of the city. It can be seen from almost all points of the city. If you visit Galata Tower in the evening, you can become a member of a colorful show, you can also enjoy a "belly dance" performed by the Turkish beauties, but also taste the delicious local cuisine.
Others The Most Famous Towers in the World .
Maps of Galata Towermap Turkey
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Since ancient times, this is an unspoken competition among architects to be the builder of the tallest building, of the longest bridge, of the most original house, of the most beautiful churches, etc.
Telling the truth, the architects began to receive recognition for their work only in recent times (since the era of modern times.
) Prior to that, until the time of the late Middle Ages, all the laurels battered rulers, barons, knights and other nobles, many of whom did not know what the project construction is.
There are several categories of buildings, which, thanks to their impressive size are among the most famous man-made objects.
These categories include the pyramids, bridges, towers and skyscrapers.
A tower is a high engineering construction.
The main differences from the other towers, tall buildings are the lack of braces (console design, fixed only at the bottom)and extremely low internal volume, and sometimes the entire volume of the tower is occupied by only one staircase.
As an engineering construction, the tower belongs to the antenna-mast structures.
The most commonly towers use antennas and feeder equipment for their location.
For example, mobile operators are placed on towers and relay panel antenna.
If the height of the antenna-mast structures (AMC), is more than 45 feet , it requires an electricity system.
This requirement REGA to ensure safety.
The creators of the Eiffel Tower gave the go-ahead starting the present stage of the competition for the title of " the biggest skyscraper or tower of the world.
" Built in 1889 it became the tallest (312m) building in the world.
Prior to its two thousand years the palm kept Pyramid of Giza (147m).
After the Eiffel Tower became the champions of the growth series: the Empire State Building (381m) in New York, Chicago Sears Tower (442m), Malaysia's Petronas Towers (452m), Taiwan's Taipei 101 (508m).
The latter was built in 2004 and held the title of the world's tallest skyscraper until 21 July 2007, when the line was broken by the cherished tower Burj Dubai in United Arab Emirates.
It rose to a height of 512 meters.
The construction of the tower is not yet complete, its completion is scheduled for late 2008.
According to the statements of architects, its height will reach a record high indeed - 808 meters.
The cost of the construction of the tower is estimated at one billion dollars and has lasted for almost four years.
The average rate of the construction of one floor lasted three days.
The tower and the adjacent buildings occupied a land of 200 hectares (it cost the owners of the building 20 billion dollars).
The tower will be equipped with 56 elevators (incidentally, the fastest in the world), boutiques, swimming pools, apartments class "luxury" hotels, and observation sites .
A distinctive feature is the construction of the international working teams: South Korean firm contractor, American architects, Indian builders.
Four thousand people had been involved in the construction.
The building of the tower was created in the shape of a trefoil - a symbol of life in the desert.
Its spire will be visible at a distance of sixty miles.
The Burj Dubai Tower will be the center of a large architectural complex.
Among the buildings of the huge complex (12ha), there will be an artificial lake, 30 thousand homes, a large park area, nine hotels.
Since ancient times, people seek height.
The evidence of this fact can be found everywhere - from the ancient Egyptian pyramids to the modern skyscrapers.
The legend of the Tower of Babel explains this tendency as theomachism - people wanted to reach heaven and defeat the gods.
Then they did not succeed, God sent the exuberant wind, tossing the tower, and mixed in a sentence all human languages.
But people have stubbornly continued to build high-rise structures - whether we wanted to prove his power, or trying to get closer to God, or seeking other worlds .
But as a person - just a man, and him, as did the ancient Romans, to err, it sometimes happened that tall buildings do not want to look up and just started to lean down to its creators.
So, many towers fell .
The reasons for the fall of the towers is the most different, many of them are connected with the peculiarities of the soil or with errors in the design and construction.
But, of course, each tower has an explanation of this feature.
A good tower is usually not one but several legends associated with its slope.
And certainly the leaning tower is a local (and sometimes known in the whole world) landmark.
If the tower identified its status, it is immediately placed in local guidebooks, and even brings considerable income.
We will cover the most famous bowing towers, each remarkable in its own way.
The most famous of falling towers are one of the oldest.
The tower is a bell tower and is part of the architectural ensemble, which also includes the cathedral, baptistery and cemetery.
All this is built of white marble and it simply shines in sunny weather .