If you want to get in touch with one of the wonders of the world, you should leave for Saudi Arabia and admire the beauty and the grandeur of a complex of bridges called King Fahd Causeway. This is a mankind’s wonder.
The Origin of the Name
It represents a complex of dams and bridges connecting the city of El Hubar with the island nation of Bahrain. It has been named in honor of the King of Saudi Arabia Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud. This is a wonderful proof that there are intelligent and very intelligent people.
It is divided into three parts: the combination of the three bridges leading from El Hubara on an artificial island on the border of Saudi Arabia and Bahrain (this includes the longest bridge, length 5194 m), the bridge leading to an artificial island to island of Umm al-Hasan, a bridge connecting Umm al-Hasan to the island of Bahrain. The total length of the bridge is 25 km. The agreement on the construction was signed on 8 July 1981 and the actual construction began a year later. laid the head of King Fahd and Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa were the first people who began the construction officially in November 11, 1982 . The bridge was finished to be built in 1986. The project was fully funded by Saudi Arabia and the cost of U.S. $ 1.2 billion. Although the project was riddled with corruption scandals and was also repeatedly frozen for reasons of misunderstanding, the impressive design makes the people forget about it. If you really have chosen to visit this beauty, the way to it is easy and difficult at the same time. Although there is public means of transportation, except for international buses Manama - Dammam, you have to pay the whole way, even though the output is at half way, the alternative to it is a taxi ($ 40-50 from Manama and back). If you drive, the best option is to rent a car that costs only $ 30-35 per day, and it will give the opportunity to visit the most remote parts of the island. If you had that chance to be there, visit the observation tower . It costs 0.5 dinars ($ 1.3) and this price includes a glass of coffee in a restaurant. Still the most amazing fact is that at present a second bridge is being built, which may be another world record and it will link Bahrain to Qatar. The new bridge will have a length of 40 kilometers; 4 km is already constructed from Bahrain and two kilometers from Qatar. With all these, Arabs should hurry because the Chinese are building a giant full swing bridge Weinan Weihe. Its length is twice larger than that of Bahrains.
By Mascaliuc Victoria
The Longest Bridges of the World .
Others from The Longest Bridges of the World
Shakespeare said the most romantic place on the Earth is the bridge. It is a door to something new….. to something refreshing. This is the place that gives birth to love and continuity to any relationship. Different cultures have different traditions linked to bridges. The Russians consider that the newlyweds should walk along a bridge as a symbol of a new period in life. Chinese bring their children when they go the first time to the kindergarten believing that they will become honest, courageous, and always high-spirited.
The concept of the Bridge
The bridge represents an artificial structure, erected over a river, lake, spilling water or any other obstacle. It is generally built across the road or a river. In many cases it joins two borders.The bridge is one of the oldest engineering inventions of mankind.
The Structure of The Bridge
Typically, bridges are made up of spans and supports. Spans are used to transfer loads and the perception of their supports, they can settle the roadway, pedestrian crossing, the pipeline.Spans are composed of supporting structures: beams, trusses, diaphragms (cross-ties) and the actual roadway slabs. The spans are usually straightforward, but if it is necessary they are given a complex shape: spiral, ring, etc. Forms of supports can be quite diverse. Intermediate supports are called bulls, coastal - foundations. Foundations are used to connect the bridge with the approach embankments. Materials for bridges are metal (steel and aluminum alloys), natural stone, wood and rope.
Types of Bridges
All the bridges can be divided from two points of view:
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Dozen of huge bridges connect different cities and countries. Hundreds of people drive along them and do not even notice their beautiful architecture. When we speak about the place where the greatest number of the longest bridges are situated you are going to be surprised to learn that the winner is China. Still the longest bridge is Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge(1.991 m) situated in Japan. The design of the bridge is double-hinged beam system stiffness to withstand wind speeds up to 80 m / s, the seismic activity of up to 8.5 on the Richter scale and withstand strong sea currents. The second longest bridge is Xihoumen bridge in China (1.650 m). The cost of the expenses has raised to 2.48 billion yen (approximately U.S. $ 300 million). The third longest can be found in Denmark and is the Great Belt Bridge (1.624 m). Still the most reliable Bridge is to be found in China once again. This is Tsing Ma Bridge(1.377 m). They say that it will be safe even when there are typhoons.
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King Fahd Causeway - A Wonder
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King Fahd Causeway - Panoramic View