About the Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is one of the largest seas in the world and one of the most popular with tourists. It is located in the Atlantic basin sharing Africa, Europe and Asia. The climate, the vegetation, the history and the culture of the peoples of the Mediterranean coast have formed a perfect environment for a relaxing holiday and travel. The geographical position of the sea (between Africa, Asia and Europe) is very advantageous, which contributed to the population of its banks and the development of countries and peoples. The Mediterranean Sea washes the shores of 22 countries, including Spain, Britain, France, Italy, Croatia, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Syria, Lebanon and others. From the north to the south, the sea stretches for 1,600 kilometers and from the west to the east for 3,700 km. The Mediterranean Sea is connected with other seas and straits of the Atlantic Ocean. The Strait of Gibraltar in the west gives way to the Atlantic Ocean, the north-east of the Dardanelles connect the Mediterranean Sea with the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus and the Black Sea, on the south-east the Suez Canal connects it to the Red Sea. The Mediterranean Sea has two main basins: the western and the eastern basin. The western basin features fresh and cold water: the water temperature in the west is 12 degrees in February to 24 in August, and in the east the temperature is 17 degrees and 27 respectively, and higher salinity. Many Mediterranean islands are of volcanic origin. Among the most famous islands can be noted the Balearic Islands, Corsica, Sardinia, the island of Malta, Crete and Cyprus. The Mediterranean islands are famous and their names are well-known.
The temperature of the waters of the Mediterranean Sea in summer is quite high, it reaches 27-29 ° C. The salinity of the Mediterranean Sea due to strong evaporation is too high and ranges from 36 to 39.
The Flora and the fauna of the Mediterranean sea
The Sea has a great variety of species. There you can meet crabs, sea turtles, and more than 500 species of fish.
The name of the Mediterranean Sea appeared in the days of ancient Greece. It was first used by Julius Solin, since at that time the communication of the ancient civilizations was by sea. Modern Mediterranean is a remnant of the ancient Tethys Ocean, which was much broader and it extended far to the east. Relicts of the Tethys Ocean are also the Aral, the Caspian, the Black and Marmara seas, confined to their deepest depressions. Probably, the Tethys was once completely surrounded by land, and there was a neck between North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula, near the Strait of Gibraltar. The same land bridge connected the south-eastern Europe with Asia. It is not excluded that the Bosphorus, the Dardanelles and Gibraltar were formed in the place of flooded river valleys, and many of the island chains, especially in the Aegean Sea, combined with the mainland. Large rivers such as: the Ebro (Spain), Rhone (France), Arno, Tiber, and Volturno (Italy) flow into the Mediterranean Sea.
Coastal areas of the Mediterranean
The Mediterranean Sea is known for its tranquility and beauty, but, like other seas, in certain seasons it can be rough, and then the big waves came down on the coast. From time immemorial the Mediterranean Sea attracted people for its favorable climate. The term "Mediterranean" is used to indicate a climate with long hot, clear, dry summers and short cool and wet winters. Many coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea, especially in the south and in the east inherited features of semiarid and arid climate. In particular, the semi-arid with an abundance of clear sunny days is considered a typical Mediterranean climate. However, winters have a lot of cold days, when the wet cold wind brings rain, drizzle and sometimes snow.
The Mediterranean is also famous for its attractive landscape. Especially charming are the French and the Italian Riviera, the neighborhood of Naples, the Adriatic coast of Croatia with numerous islands, the shores of Greece and Lebanon, where the steep slopes of the mountains to the sea rises. Through the main islands of the eastern Mediterranean trade routes had a great importance and the culture spread from the Middle East, Egypt and Crete in Greece, Rome, Spain and France and took a different path along the southern shores of the sea - from Egypt to Morocco.
Thousands and thousands of tourists come each year to the Mediterranean Sea. Why is holiday on the Mediterranean Sea so popular? First of all, the big number of different, comfortable resorts on its shores. Going to the Mediterranean, you can choose Spain, Turkey, Egypt, Greece and Italy, as well as one of the islands in the Mediterranean. Each of these countries has its own characteristics, so that to have a rest in each of them will not be like the others, but there are some common features: the mild climate and the picturesque coastlines. In some places, like on the coast of Greece, there are mountains, providing numerous tourists the opportunity to make an unforgettable memory for the beautiful photos. The inhabitants of the sea depths are quite varied: only about 550 species of fish, sharks, herrings, anchovies, etc., so that fishing in these waters can be an interesting diversion. If you cannot choose one country and want to see them all, there is a great solution –the Mediterranean cruises . Cruise ships will carry you through the blue seas, and in ports where you will see the most beautiful cities of the world. The routes of cruises are different, and you can select the number of countries and the countries themselves, which you want to visit. While on board , you will not be bored because there will always be to find entertainment for everyone.
What to do in the Mediterranean
Holidays in the Mediterranean Sea are suitable for families with children, and for those who want new bright impressions. Everyone can find something to do. Swimming and sun bathing - that's what most attracts tourists. Children can play in the sand on the beach while you sunbathe or swim. The good climate here allows you to do almost all day. Those who like fishing aren’t left indifferent by the Mediterranean Sea. Fishing in the Mediterranean is a real adventure. With such a huge diversity of species of fish, you will never get bored, just as motorists do not get bored when they select an auto-part in Chelyabinsk , or whoever is carrying out landscaping work , when the planting of trees has it all. Diving in the Mediterranean Sea is also very interesting. Trying to go down to the depth of the sea cannot only be done by professionals but also by those who have never did it. Experienced instructors will pick up equipment and will monitor the process. Outdoor enthusiasts can try their luck, surfing or water skiing. All equipment in the absence is possible to rent there on the beach. And of course, no one goes from the Mediterranean Sea, not trying its gifts. Squid, crabs, oysters, lobsters and various fish species - a real paradise for lovers of sea food. Holidays in the Mediterranean is a good opportunity to combine a vacation with sea sightseeing.
The Mediterranean Sea is one of the most beautiful seas of our planet. One glance at its endless expanse of the spring sky color stops the heart and wants to dissolve in this fantastic beauty. Cruises on the Mediterranean Sea are a dream of the romantics and lovers of beauty to behold. You can pre-select the route and find yourself in a particular socio-cultural reality, or even travel in time, take a cruise on the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean Sea washes both Europe and Africa, Asia, and, therefore, it is the link of mentalities, cultures and customs of different races and ethnicities. During the voyage, calling at ports in different countries, you can visit the monuments of ancient times, to breathe the air of medieval antiquities, and plunge into the maelstrom of modernity, feeling the rhythm of life in big cities. The Mediterranean Sea does not disappoint you and will give wonderful moments that will remain long in your memory!
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