An earthquake measuring 9.0 occurred in Japan, on east coast of Honshu Island, on March 11, followed by numerous aftershocks. The epicenter was located in 373 km north-east of Tokyo, its center lies at a depth of 24 kilometers. The hypocenter was formed at a depth of 24 km in the Pacific Ocean. It caused a tsunami height of more than ten meters. This is the strongest earthquake in the history of Japan and the sixth in force in the history of seismic observations. The scientists assume that the earthquake in Japan wil continue for a month.
Tsunami with the height of 7 feet, ruined everything in its way, houses, boats, cars, people. The earthquake severely damaged the prefecture of Miyagi, Iwate and Fukushima. In Tokyo, were stopped railway trains and subway trains, stopped work Narita and Haneda Airport, the passengers were evacuated. Also, four million of homes remained without electricity, were closed all ports in Japan. It caused the electricity disruption at two nuclear power plants, that automatically stopped working and were broken the mobile communications. Also was damaged the spire of the Tokyo tower. The earthquake stopped the power supply to the country's largest nuclear power plant, "Fukushima - 1" and this has disrupted the cooling process of the reactor, which can overheat the reactor and can lead to accidents and radiation.
Japan, now is trying to recover after a powerful earthquake and tsunami, but had recorded a series of new, strong aftershocks. In the Tokyo area was an earthquake of magnitude 6.0, and in Shizuoka Prefecture - an earthquake of magnitude 6.4. The epicenter was located at the northern tip of the Boso Peninsula east of Tokyo, and the focus lies at a depth of 10 km. Huge ground strokes felt in the prefectures of Yamanashi, Kanagawa and Tokyo. According to the National Police Agency, the number of victims and injured after the earthquake and tsunami is growing fast. There were ruined more than 3,5 thousand houses and 59.5 thousand buildings. The earthquake affected areas are reconstructed, primarily is restored the transport infrastructure.
All countries now send their condolences to Japan, already 25 countries provided medical, financiar, humanitarian aid, but there is still no enough electricity, water and food. By the tenth day after the earthquake on the affected coast of the 3 prefectures of Miyagi, Iwate and Fukushima were restored three ports for the reception of goods, there began to receive aircraft help, despite that the airports were destroyed by the tsunami.
Earthquake victims were sheltered in 23 evacuation centers through the country. In total there are about 250-360 thousand evacuees. It still remains a serious problem with the supply of petrol in Tokyo, since all the reserves left are used in the affected areas. The earthquake of magnitude 9.0 on March 11 and the ensuing tsunami killed more than 8,000 people, has more than 12 thousand are lost.
By Natasha Prijilevschi
The consequences of earthquakes in Japan cities .
There are many major cities in Japan which are vulnerable to earthquakes. The cities with poor infrastructure suffer the largest difficulties and loss of life. Some areas register small shakings on a daily basis. There are regions which suffer small to medium size earthquakes on a regular basis. Most dangerous are regions where earthquakes could take human lives, ruin cities and destroy people’s houses.
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Lives in ruins
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Injured victims
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Chaotic situation
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Ruined homes
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Houses in fire
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Tsunami's power
Earthquake on March 11, 2011 - Earthquake's ruins