Total area: 147,181 km2
Population: 29,331,000 (2009 estimate)
Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Official language: Nepali
Capital: Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं)
Internet TLD: .np
Calling code: 977
Nepal is a country in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bound to the north by China, and to the south, east, and west by India.
Nepal is known as the Kingdom of high Himalayan mountains and deep valleys, lush jungles, exotic wildlife, people of diverse origin and their unique culture. Altitude ranges from near sea level to 8,848 meters above it, the height of the highest peak of the planet. Fostered by this varied topography, an incredible diversity of ecosystems can be encountered here, from steamy jungles and terraced valleys, forested hills, frozen peaks to high altitude deserts. Having eight of the 10 highest mountains in the world on its territory, Nepal attracts most climbers and adventure lovers, as it offers spectacular trekking routes. Hindu and Buddhist heritage and the cool weather are also major attractions of Nepal. Now, tourism has developed much in Nepal. Tourism industry has become the main industry branch in Nepal, representing a major revenue source of the country’s GDP.
Nepal presents a myriad of attractions to both tourists and locals – ranging from its natural beauty and well preserved exotic culture to the adventure opportunities. Here are some of the major attractions in Nepal that you should not miss while visiting the country: Daman - offers the most spectacular view of the Himalayas; Kathmandu - the capital city; Pokhara - tourist town set at the foot of the mountains; Bodhnath - the most famous Buddhist monument in Nepal; Dakshinkali temple, Hanuman Dhoka Palace, Koshi Tappu Nature Reserve, Royal Chitwan National Park.
Climate is a factor to be taken into consideration always for a trip to Nepal. The best time to visit the country is the beginning of the dry season (October-November), when the weather is pleasant, the air is fresh and the visibility is perfect. The months of May and June are very hot, while the time period from June to September is the monsoon season.
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