Venice Carnival is an annual festival that takes place in Venice, Italy, two weeks before the start Wednesday and end with gray Mardi Gras (the day before Wednesday ashes).
Although it probably has much earlier roots, Venice Carnival supposedly was first recorded in 1296, when the Senate of the Republic has issued an edict declaring the day before Lent as a day of celebration. On the one hand, was an official festival, most of it being staged in the Piazza San Marco, the Piazzetta, the Ducal Palace in court or in Bacino San Marco. These events, especially during and after the sixteenth century, celebrating the founding myths and governor of the state - of peace, sustainability, prosperity, fairness and piety. Some of these festivities were violent - cattle and pigs were left free by the court of the palace and then slaughtered - but they still conveyed the idea of civic primordial unity. On the other hand, a lot of energy was popular during the carnival toward the rivalry between groups, between large parishes between geographic factions that have divided the city. They could be extremely violent at times, as implied bullfights and bulls or pigs running the streets.
Until the seventeenth century, Venice Carnival, like the one in Rome, has become an attraction for tourists from northern Europe - especially the so-called Grand Tourists: young aristocrats, who spent a year or than visiting the cultural attractions of Italy. Between 1600 - 1840 these visitors have written about their visits randuride thousand in Italy, and many have pointed out the Carnival of Venice. Some tourist guides of the seventeenth century claimed that more than 30,000 visitors come to town during the week before Grey Wednesday with about 10,000 prostitutes. Reading between the lines, it seems that the Grand Tourists came to the Carnival of Venice to dress to go to work, to gambling and prostitutes to attend. By the mid eighteenth century Venetian contribution these turistila economy was so great that the Senate and the Council would not be able to afford to prohibit or restrict these festivities, without risk of bankruptcy.
By 1981 or 1983 to 1984 at the latest, Carnival in Venice has undergone enough changes, the city's citizens playing an increasing role for the dozens more passive, apoo hundreds of thousands of tourists who have appeared more and more every year. By the late 1990s and early 2000s, the number of tourists has become downright scary - about 800,000 for the entire 2002 season and nearly one million in 2004. Venice's population has declined, meanwhile, nearly 60,000 people. It is estimated that 30,000 visitors come to town in a single day and they are enough to create pedestrian traffic jams and the Mardi Gras Saturday and next Sunday's, regularly brings in over 120,000 tourists. Since 2006, the number of visitors has dropped and there are signs that the attraction of the event began to fade.
By Maria Morari
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